Transcription

FORTY-FOURTH REPORTOF THEBASELGERMANEVANGELICAL MISSIONARY SOCIETYINSOUTH-WESTERNINDIAFOR1 8 8 3MANGALOREPRINTED AT THE BASEL MISSION PRESS18 8 4

ßmsus ni the Basel &ermati Euangelical Äiisskm nn the Western ßuust cf fedia*1st J A N U A R 7111721321300635950480042HPh12 247 070001 01 02030 25077226053735 ; 3: 13992712124014786 616 3 161 414 2177 262 13414 836 47713 3541613 1 507744 2 63 2 1382015554209ü««!Present ('Imrcli-ileinlier*amber of Church-Mi1st January 18831524212329‘Sb.«G a'. Ec.amber of Convertstized during 18831834184518541872187618451870ucSchools* )tal of Pupils undeinstructionQQëC on g reg a tio n s00VernacularChristianeathen VernacularSchoolBM00reparandi-SchoolsH15raining 0umber of Schoolsc A3ISaäSchool0an-CliristianmastersM ISSIO N ST A T IO N Sativc PastorsOFs:0G0}bo 1S3 jjOS Ô c0«8 COBoardingSchoolsAgents-S NAM ES'Native Agentsiristian School mistressesuaS c h o o lsSchoolsEnglish Schoolsiristian and HeatheA g e n ts o f th e M issio nEuropeanBlissionariess ÄCPCJ3CS0«ss9'ü0)¡3 - 0cOtÈi0I . C anara— CoorgMangalore.M u l k y .U d a p y .K a r k a l .Kundapur.H o n o r é .M e r c a t a .9 1217067931002013005024 34 8243 23925 2500025010346414122 146112 13 79 87 78 706 32358 1032 5300582922338020533 25113883 3517 194010 604 1497 * 1 !3 361 68746 1108119 532164 :118481 !151300 13012620 !113 2 0 514(! 100 1688 3 6 9 1 261 !II. South-JdakrattaD h a r w a r .H u b l y .Be ttigerry.G u l e d g u d .1837183918411851234421521310201147769646 11356 87 137524111. MalabarCannanore.1 T e l l i c h e r r y .C h om bala ., .Calicut., C o d a c a l .i P a l g h a u t . 184118391849184218571858' 43I 931433611267 857 8089802727615100000590010IV . N ilgiriK a i t y .K o t a r g i r i .18461867113 34T o t a l .Total of Isi January 1883 .Decrease during 1883 . . .Increaseditto. . .010087 2884 29031041077609 1367 1157524 1061 11290220 (;i;17591260202 4330212 400881964151215355287171 7715 4 150149 7557 39650001000853062803222287 272 6251 185 4035 157 2968 3 5 7 84 25 210 37667 151763 1248 269381442961268 j35821177614221800190 3640 ¡7980159 3591 771535368140100000362915818531492650

European Missionariesof the Basel German Evangelical Mission.C orrected up to th e 1 5 th A p r il 1 8 8 4 .[T he letter (m .) after the nam es sig n ifies: “ m arried” and th e letter(w .) “ w idow er” .The nam es o f unordained M issionaries are m arked by an 16.17.18.19.20.21.22.23.24.N a t iv eC o u n tryE. Diez (m.)GermanyF. Kittel (m.)do.J. Lauffer (in.)do.W. Roth (m.)do.J. F. A. Männer (m.)do.R. Hartmann (m.)SwitzerlandW. Stokes (m.)IndiaJ. F. Müller (m.)GermanyF. Ziegler (m.)do.J. B. Graeter (m.)do.Th. Digel (m.)*do.J. Knobloch (m.)do.S. Walter (m.)SwitzerlandF. Matthissen (m.)RussiaTh. Elsässer (m.)*Germany"W. Sehmolck (m.)do.H. Daimelhuber (m.)do.A. Brasche (m.)do.W .P .Schönthal(m.)*do.W. Niibling (m.)do.G. Hirner (m.)*do.J. Hafner (m.)fSwitzerland"W.Hasenwandel (m.) GermanyJ. Hermelink (m.)do.f On h is w ay to In d ia.Date of jActive !Service S ta tio n185118531856MangaloreDharwarCannanore noréMangaloreMulkyBettigerryKotargiri

4Nam e25. J. F. Yeil (m.)26. R. Hauri (m.)*27. C. Feuchter*28. J. Layer (m.)29. R. Schenkel (m.)30. C. Pfleiderer (m.)*31.32.33.34.35.36.N ativeCountryGermanySwitzerlandGermany *do.do.do.39.40.41.42.43.44.45.46.47.4 8.49.50.51.do.do.do.do.do.SwitzerlandGermanyE. G. Halbrock*G. Benuer (m.)*do.do.H. Altenmüller (m.)*J. Krapf (m.)*SwitzerlandJ. G. Kühnle (m.)GermanyC. D. Warth (m.)do.J. Weismann (m.)do.Chr. Keppler (m.)do.J. J. Jaus (m.)do.J. Fieg (m.)*do.H. Bachmann (m.)SwitzerlandW. Dilger (m.)GermanyF. Stierlen (m.)*do.F. Staib (m.)*do.K. Ernstdo.52.53.54.55.56.F. Fischer (m.)F. EisfelderA. SperingH. KnittelG. Francke*37.38.J. Veil (m.)*L. Gengnagel (m.)J. Frohnmeyer (m.)A. Ruhland (m.)C. G. Eble (m.)M. Hoch (m.)57. J. Grimm*do.do.do.do.do.SwitzerlandDate ofA ercaraKundapur ublyUdapyDharwarMangaloreMercara

5N ativeCountryN am eGermanydo.do.do.58. S. Limbach59. C. Schaal60. M. Schaible61. J. Funk*S a te ofA KarkalMangaloreAt Home.62.63.64.65.66.A. Bührer (m.)C. Müller (ra.)J. F. MetzL. G. Hanhart (m.)-j*J. Maek (m.)67. J. J. Thumm (m.)68. G. Ritter (m .)f69. W. Sikemeier (m.)70. J. Welsch (m.)71- C. Hüttinger (m.)*72. P. Ott (m .)t73. G-. Wagner (w .)f74. J. Ostermeyer (tn.)*75. G. Grossmann ollandGermanydo.do.do.do.Switzerland76. J. Baumann (m .)*fdo.77. W. Lütze (m.)Germany78. E. Liebendôrfer (m.)do.79. 18701871187118711872187318741874187518751878late of Kotargirido. Tellicherrydo. Kaitydo. UdapyPensioned in India.80. H. A.Kaundinya(m.) Indiat On their way to Europe.1851late of Anandapur

N reviewing the past year, we have to acknowledge, thatit is owing to the mercy and loving kindness of our God,that we have not been dealt with according to our sinsand shortcomings. We have been spared and permitted tosee His gracious working in the young Church, as well asamong the heathen.1.Looking at the Congregations, the total increase since1882 amounts to 265 souls. Of these 171 have been addedto the Church of Christ through baptism of heathen (viz. 122adults and 49 children).The remainder (94), is due to anexcess of births (318), over deaths (185), and other losses.As regards the B aptism o f heathen, all Stations (3 beingexcepted) were permitted to add one or more souls, Udapytaking the lead with 58. In our four Districts the followingnumbers were baptized, i.e. inCanara-Coorg83, in Malabar 44,in South-Mahratta 35, and on the H ills 9.Owing to pastsad experiences, our Brethren have been more careful inbaptizing Catechumens belonging to the lower and workingclasses, as their knowledge is mostly defective and their mo

7tives for joining the Mission are in many instances unsatis factory.What is the benefit of increasing numerically, whenthere is not a corresponding growth in Divine power andspirituality!Nay, the danger of exposing the living mem bers to their being contaminated by worldly-minded churchmembers cannot be too strongly depicted.AVe rather preferto increase slowly, and to keep in view the standard whichour Lord has given for all who desire to be His followers.The Lord in His mercy has cheered us up greatly throughthe conversion of a number of individuals, who have experi enced in their hearts the renewing and regenerating powerof God, and who for Christ’s sake, have endured the loss oftheir social standing and submitted to slights, annoyance, ridi cule and persecution.Such cases will be found mentionedunder Kotargiri, Tellicherry, Mercara, Basrur and Guledgud.Of the excommunications fu lly 46 p. c. fall 011 Mulky which hashad the mortification of seeing worldly-minded Christians,who either resented or dreaded Churcli-discipline, go back tothe heathen, showing thereby that they had only come forthe sake of the “loaves and fishes” . After due considerationof additions and deductions to be made, our Congregationsnumbered on the 1st of January 1884: 7980 souls, of whom4150 are communicants.They live in 19 Missionary Stationsand 100 and odd Out-stations which lie grouped round them.Of our 19 Stations Mulky, Karkal, Hubly, Tellicherry andKotargiri show among them a decrease of 119, whohowever joined other Stations.Mulky lost through Church-discipline, and Hubly through having to part with three insti tutions which, owing to fever, were transferred to the healthierStation Bettigerry.To strengthen the feeling of Christian fellowship betweenthe different Churches of one Collectorate, D istrict MissionFestivals are being held.Such took place at Calicut on the

6th of September, at Mangalore on the 1st of November andat H ubly on the 15th of November 1883.In connection with the above Mission festivals the Eu ropean and Native Presbyters of the different Churches meetfor a D istrict Synod, when the spiritual state and the variouswants of each District are discussed.Such Synods wereheld at Calicut on the 5th of September, at Mangalore on the31st of October and at Hubly on the 14th of November 1883.2.As regards our Schools, we have to state that owingto the transfer of the different Orphanages mentioned in ourlast Report, which was effected early in 1883, the Bettigerry Orphanage for girls, the Calicut Orphanage for girls,and the Hubly Orphanage for boys disappear from this year’sCensus.This causes a decrease of 26 boys and 43 girls(boarders).We need not repeat that not only a saving inmen, and funds, but also a healthier growth of the Congre gations is thereby effected.Let orphans, who are such in deed, be cared for, and be brought up according to theirfuture mode of living. Orphanages at their best are onlymake-shifts and a faint attempt at offering a home to desti tute children; and every body knows, that children broughtup in fam ilies, are far better fitted to brave the world and tobattle against its hardships and temptations.The Vernacular Day-Schools of the Congregation have hadan increase of 127 girls and 36 boys, it being a rule that everychild, girl as well as boy, who has completed his or her sixthyear, whether the parent is well-to-do or poor, is bound toattend school till confirmation, which takes place between theages of 14 and 15.The Vernacular Schools for Heathen B oys have only increas ed by 28, making in all 1129; the Anglo-Vernacular and HighSchools, however, show an increase of 306 pupils or 1367in all.

9Concerning the Heathen G irls’ Schools, we are sorry to haveto mention a decrease of 10 girls.202 heathenThere were last year onlygirls under instruction.Our exertions have,however, not flagged, and we hope the Lord will crown ourefforts with better success next year.Taking them all in all, our different Schools educate 4330pupils or 322 more than in 1882.The Grants-in-aid receivedare shown on the last page.3. Whereas on the one hand we try to get rid of needlessencumbrances, by parting with landed property when itsmanagement becomes a bore, and a heavy responsibility, asfor instance, in South-Mahratta, so on the other hand Preachingto the heathen has been carried on with more energy than hashitherto been the case. Our brethren and Native Assistantsacknowledge that the work of the first pioneers has alreadybegun to tell on the people, and that much of their presentsuccess is due to the devotion of many a veteran. When wemention here and there the number of days spent in travelling,we intend to include longer journeys only; house to housevisits, and bazaar-preaching in the places of residence notbeing counted.4. The Agents of the Mission have been increasing duringthe year under review.There are 89 Christian Schoolmasters or 9 more than in1882, and non-Christian Teachers 61, against 51 of the pre vious year. The number of Christian Schoolmistresses remainsthe same as before, namely 27.The Christian Teachers of the different Stations meet once amonth in order to have their knowledge supplemented by oneof the Missionaries.Once a year all the Teachers of aDistrict assemble in some central locality, when they read theiressays and hear dissertations on different educational sub jects.Such meetings were held in Dharwar and Chombala.2

10The number of N ative P astors is the same as the yearbefore.There are 5 Catechists and Evangelists more than lastyear, 85 in all.Of these 3 have come from the MangaloreSeminary, and 3 from the E vangelists’ School, formerly atHubly, one has been pardoned and reinstated, and anotheradmitted on trial.We have again the painful duty of recording that oneof our older and most able Catechists of 25 years of service,whom we expected in the course of time to become a patternto the younger Catechists, has been too much addicted todrink and has become deeply involved in debt. To screenhim self he had taken refuge in systematic untruth. Dear asthe man was to us, we had to discharge him with sorrow.A humble labourer (Chrysostomus) has succumbed to small pox. But P aul D evadattan,sham efully deserted us.as mentioned last year, hasThe monthly course o f instruction, imparted to the NativeAssistants belonging to each Station, has taken place re gularly. There are yea rly D istrict gatherings, when, if possible,all our Native Preachers meet in some central place notonly to show the progress made in preaching to Christiansand Heathen and in catechizing, but also to receive some newstim ulus for the work.These have been held in Mangalore(Nov.) and in Calicut (Oct.).— We employ these agents to assistthe Missionaries in charge of Congregations, in the capacityof teachers, itinerant preachers etc. All of them, accordingto an order from our Committee, are to be admitted to thepulpits of the different principal and subordinate Churches,and to preach to the heathen as often as they can, a non preaching Catechist being considered a misnomer.At the moment of publishing this Report we have 43Ordained Missionaries and 18 Lay-Brethren.

11The Missionaries of each Station meet for weekly prayerand Biblical discussion. Besides this, all the Missionaries ofa District have a yearly meeting in order to discuss the differ ent questions which have arisen during the previous year.Such District Conferences were held at Calicut on the 4thof September, at Mangalore on the 30th of October, and atHubly on the 13th of November.There are 50 M issionaries’ wives, most of whom were re gularly engaged in the supervision of the sale of books andtracts, of Infant Schools, of Industrial Schools, in the economi cal management of Girls’ and Boys’ Orphanages, in instructionin needle- and fancy-work to the girls of our different Christianand Heathen Schools, in tailoring to our orphan boys, in visit ing the sick women and children of the different parishes etc.Some of them, who have mastered the Native languages,visit their female heathen neighbours at the Mother- or at thedifferent Out-stations— a quiet unpresuming work, which weshould like to see carried on vigorously.Although several of our Missionaries and their wives werepoorly and even very sick, the Lord most mercifully sparedus all. We have, however, to record the death of two oldIndians at home, viz. the Rev. F . Sauvain and the Rev. J. M.F ritz , founder of the Calicut Station. Particulars will befound in the Obituary at the close of the Report. Some ofour Missionaries have been visited with death in their families.We desire to thank D eputy Surgeon General J. M. Josephin Cannanore, D r. Serkis, who in his absence acted for him,D r. D . Cardoz in Gadag (Bettigerry), and D rs. Lee andThomas in Mangalore, for the gratuitous medical help to dif ferent sick members of our Mission.There left for E urope: in 1883 in March M r. & Mrs. Grossmann, in April M r. Sikemeier and family, and M r. Liebenddrferand family , and in the middle of December M r. Knausenberger2*

12and family; in 1884, on the 16th of February M r. Ostermeyerand family, on the 28th of March M r. & M rs. H anhart and .Mr.Wagner and child, and on the 30th of March M r. R itter andfam ily, M r. Ott and family, and M r. Baum ann and family.The following were permitted to return:— M r. & M rs. D iez,22nd April 1883; M r. & Mrs. Schenkel, 20th October 1883;M r. & M rs. W alter and M r. & M rs. K ittel, 14th January1884.We have received the following reinforcements:—Mr. O.Francke and M r. J. Grimm for Mangalore, 27th January 1883;M r. C. School for Chombala, M r. M. Schaible for Karkal,M r. S. Limbach for Dharwar, 20th October 1883 ; Mr. J .F u n kfor Mangalore, 14th January 1884.The following brethren were married:— M r. Staib to MissVogel and M r. Fischer to Miss L u tz in October 1883; M r.Stierlen to Miss Reich in November 1883; M r. Bachmann toM iss Barker in January 1884.

I. CANARA(Soutlb-Cmara, Sorth-Camra, and Coorg).MANGALORE.O u t - S t a t i o n s : J ep p u , B okapatna, B olm a, K asargod , B ekal,R avanesh vara, H osdurg.I.Rev.Rev.Rev.Rev.R ev.A. Männer,B . G rader,E . D iez,M. Hoch,J. L ayer,Clerical Part.in charge of the Congregation.j )„„ Catechists’ Seminary.„„ Anglo-Yernacular School.N ative PastorRev. Sebastian Furtado.CatechistsIsrael Aaron, Samuel Andrea, G iristanuja Watsa,Daniel Andrea, Gabriel Almanda, Gershon Soans, Albert Bang era,Charles Hermon, Joshua Joshua.Christian Schoolm astersJacob Ammanna, F aul Banger a, Albert Vartika,Joshia K a ra t, Samuel Soens, D a vid B unyan,Immanuel K arkada, Joel Sona, Stephan Jattanna,Israel Jattanna, Gabriel Hermon, Aquila M uttu.Christian Schoolm istressesJulia Manakaden, Tdbitha Theodor, Sophia Titus, L y d ia M itra,M argaret Soens, Charlotte Menez.Heathen TeachersA. Padmanabha, K . K rishna Rao, K . Subba Rao, M. Subba Rao,M. R am a Rao, A . M anjunatha, Venkataramana, Dasappa.

14M r. Liebendörfer, who had temporarily assisted in theSeminary, left for Europe in March 1883. M r. D iez hasreturned in April 1883 and resumed his old work. M r .&Mrs. Knausenberger, who stayed partly here, partly at U dapy,were forced on account of fever to leave for Europe in De cember 1883.M rs. Hoch, owing to ill-health, was absentnearly eleven, and M r. Hoch for about five months from theStation.The Congregation is under the charge of Mr. Männer,assisted by a Deacon and three Catechists. It numbers 1497,against 1379 in the previous year.1429 of these, and 830 ofthe 873 communicants, live in and around Mangalore.Thelarge increase of this year is due to immigration of Christianfam ilies from the D istrict.— The little flock in Jeppu, numbering175 (1882: 157), is in charge of M r. Furtado since April 1883.A new Chapel has been dedicated in Jeppu to Divine Worshipon the 8th of July.— As the new Kudroli Tile-Works nearBokapatna have attracted some of our poor Christian familiesfrom the District, regular Sunday Servicesnecessary at the latter place.have becomeAll these Services, a few occasional Canarese Services inthe Balmattha Church excepted, are in T u lu ; there are be sides alternate Canarese and Malayalam Sunday Services inthe Catechists’ Seminary. The first were held by Messrs. Graeterand Hoch, arid the other by Messrs. Liebendörfer and D iez.Also regular Divine Services for the English Congregation atSt. P aul’s were conducted by Messrs. Graeter, Hoch, Liebendörferand D ie z; those Sundays excepted, when either the LordBishop of Madras or the Chaplain from Mercara officiated.As to the spiritual and moral condition o f the Church, we arenot only aware that everywhere tares crop up, but also thatthe Lord knows those who are His.To abet another in hissins, formerly considered an act of charity, finds less and less

1.5favour.There are such, who instead of screening sin urgethose who have fallen to make a clean breast of it, and con fess their sins.There are some who drink in secret, who,when heathen, did not venture to touch a drop. Thesemisunderstand evangelic liberty from sin, hell and devilas a kind of Libertinism.Be it they, or any others, whowalk unruly, they are admonished, and made to feel thatour God has called us not to lasciviousness but to holiness.We ought to mention that there is a Sickhouse in connec tion with the Mission, offering a home to a number of 16-18destitute, lame, maimed, blind, sickly and decrepit persons,mostly women, among whom 2 are Catechumens. They alldepend on charity.A married couple has charge of the place,where daily prayers are conducted for the benefit of the in mates.Preaching to the heathen has received due attention. Theweekly bazaar-preaching in Mangalore in Canarese and Tuluis held more frequently.It has been supplemented by weeklyreligious discussions in one of our buildings, carried on atfirst in English and then in Canarese. These are generallypreceded by a sermon, when afterwards the discussion begins,Mr. Graeter presiding. Though the results may be hid, weknow that a spirit of enquiry or even the desire of prepossess ing others favourably with their religious views is a hundredtimes better than a stagnant state of mental apathy, providedalways no idle wrangling takes place.Many sm all heathen festivals round Mangalore were visited.M r. Hoch and Seminarists went to Vitla, Mr. Graeter, Mr.D iez and Seminarists to (Farengipett), Bantwal, Puttur, Kavu,and M r. D iez and Seminarists to Manjeshwara. M r. Digelwent to Subrahmanya, and M r. Digel and M r. L ayer to Sulya.The Catechists were travelling 465 days.The different Schools have, on the whole, done well.

16The m ixed Parochial Schools at Jeppu (24) and Nireshvalya(35), the Parochial B o ys’ School (106) and the Parochial Girls'School (97) and the In fa n t School (80) have steadily progressed.Sickness has made itself most felt among the sm allest children.The above schools are supplemented by a Sunday-School (60)and two Night-Schools for apprentices (of 25 and 12- re spectively).Schools for Heathen Children are:The English School at Mangalore under M r. Layer's chargenumbers in the Canarese division 125, and in the Englishdivision 196 pupils, or 321 in all.Of these 28 are Christianboys and 2 Christian girls and 19 Heathen girls.The Anglo-Vernacular School at Bekal with 4 classes hassuffered from a rival school, which absorbed some of the boysof the lower classes.The Hosdurg Anglo-Vernacular School numbered 70 childrenin 4 classes, and seems to do pretty well.In the Hindu Girls’ School earnest work has been done inthe year under review, although it may not appear so at firstsi ht. Anyhow though the numbers may not have risen, thegirls have improved in knowledge.The number of children receiving instruction in Mangaloreand its Out-stations amount in all to 824, of whom 68 areHeathen girls.The Catechists’ Seminary, in which the Assistant Catechists,Catechists and Pastors of our Mission are being educated, hasbeen under the charge of Messrs. Graeter, D iez and Hoch.Catechist Christanuja, besides his share of teaching, superintendsthe studies and supplies the wants of the students. Thereare four classes. The Theological, Biblical and Linguisticlessons have been imparted through the medium of Canareseand Malayalam.All learning, however valuable in itself, isworthless in the cause of Religion, when the possessor is not

17a converted man, and his heart is not warmed by the love ofChrist, whereas on the other hand its value is enhanced whenhe is converted to God, and makes all his learning subser vient to the great aim for which he is called. Yet to convertthese young men is not ours but the Lord’s.We feel dailymore and more how dependent we are on His quickeninginfluences.The last year, above many a bygone one, has been full ofsorrow and humiliation. As we observed in the footnote of lastyear’s Report, our Seminary was set on fire by an incendiary onthe night of the 25th of March. The roof being of bamboos, cover ed with a thick layer of straw, which had been accumulating foryears, the fire made speedy havoc.Had the roof not beenset on fire in two places sim ultaneously, when the fire was firstdetected, much could have been saved.As it was, nearly allthe books, manuscripts, clothes, furniture, harmonium etc.became a prey to the flames.Also Catechist Chr. Watsa, whohad to see first to the safety of his family, lost much of liiskit. Owing to this calam ity the pupils of the Seminary weresent to their homes. They returned after six weeks. Withthem came seven pupils, six from Udapy, and one from Telliclierry. A student, who had kept a School, returned after twoyears’ leave.On account of the above mentioned accidentthe examination of the highest class took place only in May,instead of April, when three students were added to the listof Native Preachers.The new School-year 1883-84 was begunin the verandah of one of our bangalows, on the 7th of May.Towards the end of May our pupils and Catechist Chr. Watsaand family put up again in the temporarily roofed in andpatched up Seminary, not without a deal of personal discom fort ; and we sincerely hope that better accommodation w illbe provided, before another year comes round.Scarcely hadwe begun our work, when the hand of the Lord was lying

18heavily on M r. & M rs. Graeter. We had the sorrow to committhree of their children within five weeks to their graves.W hilst on the one hand much Divine work was going on inthe souls in an unobtrusive way, on the other hand we werealso startled by signs of a spirit of dissatisfaction in some.Not that we were alarm ed; we know that as new wine fermentsbefore it becomes palatable, so young men must be allowed atim e for reflection.It only becomes an element of danger,when persons puffed up by spiritual pride look down uponothers, whilst they themselves are servants to the flesh.Ifsuch do not leave of their own accord, they must be dismissed.Thus in the past year two left us, and another had to besent away.One left us for one to two years, to practiceteaching in a School, whereas a fifth one asked for his dis charge.During the School-year a young man formerly edu cated at the Udapy Preparatory School, and another from theEvangelists’ School at Hubly, have been admitted. We closethe year with 29 students.II. Printing Press and Book & Tract Depository.M r. G. H irner, Printing Press.M r. J. Krcupf, Book & Tract Depository.M r. Sikemeier and fam ily left for Europe on the 24th ofFebruary 1883.Since then M r. H irner has had the solemanagement of the Press.He has taken pains to secure itsacknowledged typographical proficiency, in order to contendagainst fair and unfair competition.The Book & Tract Depository is the editing firm of our ownReligious Books and Tracts, and of some School-Books. M r.Krcupf supplies 21 Branch-Depots and supervises 10 Colpor teurs, paid by the Mission, who sell our own religious Books

19and Tracts, as well as School-Books.Besides these, 4 Col porteurs, who are employed by the Madras Auxiliary BibleSociety, distribute Bibles and portions of Scripture, and helpin the evangelization of our different Districts.We desire to tender our heartfelt thanks to theLondonReligious Tract Society for the liberal grant of 370 Reams ofprinting-paper towards publishing Religious Tracts and Books.Sale of Books and Tracts from 1st July 1882 to 30th June 1883.1.Our own Publications.Rs.46679 Copies of Religious Books 216525102„„ School-Books2.A s.P.9 16105 15 2Other Publications.54163 Copies125944 Total12650CopiesLIST1 1209219 4OF B O O K SPrinted during the year 1883.1. Canaresc.Edition:Sabhapatra, Y ol. X Y IIn stru ctiv e P a r a b les .Size:Copies : Pages: Tot. Pages8 700192134400III.16 7 00032224000X.16 600064384000T h e Good W a y .A n Introduction to th e G eography o fth e W o r l d .I.8 2 50050125 0 0 0Second Book of L essons (M adras)IX .16 3000144432000T he Book o f Proverbs and E cclesia stes II.12 10000606 000 0 0C atechism o f th e G eo g ra p h y and.II.12 6 00 060360000G eography o f N orth K a n a r a .H istory o f M aharash tra.I.16 10001616000A n E pitom e o f th e G eography o f In d ia I.12 500168 000Firat Book of C anarese P o etry (Bom .) I.12 500 0 06633000003*

20F irst Book o f L essons (M adras).T h e C hief D octrines o f th e G ospelEdition:X.I.18 1000067Tot. Pages67000012 400080320000Size:Copies: Pages:Illu str a tio n of th e T en Com m and .I.12 6 00045270000T h e W a n d erin g s o f Y a m u n â b â y .II.12 1 800150270000T h e H ea rt B o o k .V II.16 30008024 0 0 0 0T he Book o f G enesis to E xodus X X .II.18 500019095 0 0 0 0m entsC ollectionof P e a r ls,co n ta in in g24 h a n d b i l l s .Subjects for C onsiderationT h e B irth o f C hristT h reeP a r a b les.sh o w in g.I.12 60004828 8 0 0 0II.32 5 0001260000III .32 50 0 01680000I II.32

see His gracious working in the young Church, as well as among the heathen. 1. Looking at the Congregations, the total increase since 1882 amounts to 265 souls. Of these 171 have been added to the Church of Christ through baptism of heathen (viz. 122