JEREMIAHSTUDY GUIDEJohn Hepp, Jr. [email protected] materials are taken from a World Wide LIT self-study course I wrote in the1990’s. They include direct Bible study, also study of Jeremiah: Prophet ofJudgment (1966), by Irving L. Jensen. That commentary was later revised (seeImportant Instructions) to include Lamentations, not included here. Do all thedirect study; also read the questions and answers based on the commentary.CONTENTSGoals, AbbreviationsImportant Instructions23UNIT ONE1. Background (textbook pp. 5–15)2. Jeremiah 1:1–3; 2 Kings 21–25;Daniel 1 (pp. 141–149)3. Jeremiah 1:1 to 4:4 (pp. 17–29)UNIT TWO4. Jeremiah 4:5 to 8:17 (pp. 29–40)5. Jeremiah 8:18 to 14:22 (pp. 40–52)6. Jeremiah 15:1 to 20:18 (pp. 52–64)7. Review of Jeremiah 1–20UNIT THREE8. Jeremiah 21:1 to 25:38 (pp. 65–76)9. Jeremiah 26:1 to 29:32 (pp. 76–84)10. Jeremiah 30:1 to 33:26 (pp. 84–93)UNIT FOUR11. Jeremiah 34:1 to 39:18 (pp. 93–103)12. Jeremiah 40:1 to 44:30 (pp. 103–110)13. Jeremiah 45:1 to 52:34 (pp. 111–116)ANSWERSCHART A: JEREMIAH’S LIFECHART B: JEREMIAH 34–39CHART C: JEREMIAH 3438XXXXXX41X535758XXXXXXX

GOALSThis course is designed for you if you have previously studied in the Bible. It islonger and more difficult than many LIT courses. The aim of the course is foryou to become acquainted with Jeremiah, both the book and the prophet. Youwill also practice some important Bible study methods. When you finish thiscourse you will know, for example, about this book:Its historical backgroundIts relationship to the LORD’s Old Testament kingdomThe meanings of many of its propheciesMany facts about its author and other persons in .)v.(vv.) (Anno Domini) of the Christian eraBefore Christchapter(s)King James Version of the BibleMount(ain)New American Standard BibleNew International Version of the Biblepage(s)verse(s)shows a question serving as basis forexaminationBIBLE BOOK ABBREVIATIONSGen.Exod.Lev.Num.Deut.Josh.Judg.Ruth1 Sam.2 Sam.1 Kings2 Kings1 Chron.2 Chron.EzraNeh.Esth.JobPs.Prov.Eccl.Song of om.1 Cor.2 Cor.Gal.Eph.Phil.Col.1 Thess.2 Thess.1 Tim.2 Tim.TitusPhilem.Heb.James1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRev.

IMPORTANT INSTRUCTIONSWelcome to this study of Jeremiah—one of the great major prophets and his main book ofprophecy. As you study this course, you will learn much about the character of God and Hisways with men. Specifically, you will see why He brought to an end His kingdom in Israel—andsome of His plans for the future. Jeremiah himself will come into focus as an example.COURSE MATERIALSFollow this study guide step by step throughout your study. It will tell you when to read andstudy your Bible and how to use your textbook, Jeremiah and Lamentations, by Irving L. Jensen.The textbook is based on the American Standard Version of the Bible. If at all possible, use aneven more modern version, such as the New International Version. However, the King JamesVersion (KJV) will serve if necessary, and will be the basis of comments in this study guide.(The international version of this course provides KJV glossaries.)UNITS AND LESSONSThe course consists of thirteen lessons arranged in four units, each with its own unit examination. As a rule, each lesson contains the following features:After the title, lesson objectives in question formInstructions for studying the Bible and the textbookQuestions to emphasize the main pointsAnswers to the questions, so that you can check your own answersREADING JEREMIAHReading a Bible book properly is the most important way to get acquainted with it. SinceJeremiah is the longest book in the Bible, time limitations do not let us require that you read thewhole book at one time. But you will read nearly all the book little by little. Read actively,looking for information and recording your discoveries. If possible, read in a modern version.ANSWERING LESSON QUESTIONSThe questions in each lesson are planned to help you learn—not to test you. Checkmarks ( )identify the main questions, which most directly reach lesson objectives and serve as basis foreach unit examination. Answer each question, using the textbook and your Bible as you need.Then compare your answers with those given in Answers, beginning on page 41 . Optional questions are to be answered if your instructor says so.XXTAKING UNIT EXAMINATIONS (available upon request)As you finish each unit, you will be told how to prepare for the unit examination. After preparing, take that examination, writing answers on that page. While taking unit examinations, youare not permitted to look up answers.Begin each time of study with prayer to ask the divine LORD of Jeremiah to help you learn.3

UNIT ONELESSON 1BackgroundHave you read“Important Instructions”?The Old Testament kingdom of God: (1) when and where did itbegin? (2) when and how did it end? (3) how is Jeremiah relatedto its fall? What is the theme of the book? Can you give dates forthe beginning of Jeremiah’s ministry and the fall of Jerusalem?In this study guide “the author” means the author of the textbook, Irving L. Jensen. The textbookis also called “the commentary.” “Jeremiah” refers either to the prophet or to his book by thesame name (also called “this book”). “The LORD” (in all capital letters) is used in place of thedivine name Yahweh. All dates are before Christ (B.C.).As the author points out, the book’s three main ideas arethe PROPHET JeremiahGod’s SOVEREIGNTY (His great power and rights)JUDGMENT (its execution and reasons for it)1.Twelve short passages are listed from a to l. With one exception each of these emphasizes one of the three main ideas above. Quickly look at each passage, then indicatewhat you think is its main emphasis (see a below).If the passage emphasizesMark itthe PROPHETPWhen you finish, see ourGod’s SOVEREIGNTYSopinions in Answers, page 41 .JUDGMENTJUUUUXa. P .21:1–930:1–3, 6:1–2, 25–2852:1–112.Read pages 5–15 (Preface and Introduction) in the textbook; read the footnotes also.After you read, then answer the following questions.3.Label each of the following statements true or false. You may look up the answers inthe textbook. After you label them all, see if your answers are the same as those inAnswers. If you missed one, look it up in the textbook.a.What the prophets say repeatedly is very important.4X

LESSON 1b.c.d.e.f.g.h.i.j.k.l.m.n.o.4.BackgroundWhen studying Jeremiah, the reader should meditate after each verse.In this course the student should read the commentary each time before readingthe corresponding paragraph in the Bible.It is difficult to find parallels between our world and Jeremiah’s world.The book of Jeremiah tells more about its author than the book of Isaiah.This book shows that a prophet’s life can involve very great cost.Within each main division of Jeremiah, chronological order is usually followed.Jeremiah has the most chapters of any Major Prophet book.Beginning in chapter 21 of Jeremiah, specific prophecies warn of the sure fall ofJerusalem.The Northern Kingdom of Israel was taken into captivity about one hundred yearsbefore Jeremiah’s ministry.The Battle of Carchemish (605 B.C.) decided the struggle between Egypt andBabylon.Jeremiah finally succeeded in convincing Judah to submit to Babylon.In this textbook “Babylonians” means the same as “Chaldeans.” (See footnote 6.)Jeremiah’s deep feelings were largely a hindrance to him as a prophet.This textbook explains nearly every truth in Jeremiah.Why should one study by paragraphs in Jeremiah?NOTE: Almighty God has always ruled over the entire universe (Ps. 103:19). But for centuriesHe also had a kingdom on this earth. As told in the book of Exodus, that earthly kingdom beganwhen He took the nation of Israel out of Egypt. “Ye have seen,” He reminded Israel at Mt. Sinai,“what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bare you on eagles’ wings, and brought you untomyself” (Exodus 19:4). The covenant He made with Israel at Sinai was designed to make themHis “kingdom of priests” (19:6). “Make me a sanctuary,” He instructed Moses (25:9), “that Imay dwell among them.” The most important feature of the sanctuary was an ark, where “I willmeet with thee [Moses], and I will commune with thee of all things which I will give thee incommandment unto the children of Israel” (25:22).Thus Israel became the kingdom of God (Psalm 114:1–2; 1 Chronicles 28:5; 2 Chronicles 13:8);the LORD God was their King (Judges 8:22–23; 1 Samuel 8:6–7; 1 Chronicles 29:23). The restof the Old Testament is the story of that kingdom. But due to Israel’s long-continued rebellion,that earthly kingdom came to an end when Jerusalem and the temple were destroyed in 586 B.C.Its fall is the main story of Jeremiah.5. The Old Testament kingdom of God (Answer from the note above.)a.When and where did that kingdom begin?b.When and how did it end?NOTE: The author considers this event the most important in the Old Testamenthistory of Israel (p. 7). Certainly it receives the most attention.c.What is the relationship of the book of Jeremiah to the fall of the kingdom?6.List three similarities between our times and those of Jeremiah.5

LESSON 1Background7.List three characteristics of the book of Jeremiah. (pp. 8–9)8.a.b.c.9.10.Parts 1 to 4 below list sections of Jeremiah. Tell if each section is a) mainlynarrative b) mainly oracles c) both discourse and narrative.1. chs. 1–202. chs. 21–333. chs. 34–354. chs. 46–52Which chapters deal with the new covenant?In which division is the main part of Jeremiah’s condemnation of Israel?List four general impressions one would get from a quick reading of Jeremiah. (p. 9)The chart on textbook page 11 indicates which chapters begin each main division (chs.1, 21, 45) and each subdivision (chs. [1], 2, 11, 21, 30, 34, 40, 45, 46, 52). You readfrom these same chapters in question 1. Look quickly at each of them again, to seehow it begins its section. (To learn more, if you have time, copy the chart first.)NOTE: Although it may seem tedious, learning a few key dates and names will help you tounderstand Jeremiah. Remember that before Christ, the earlier the date, the larger the number.For example, 640 B.C. is earlier than 609 B.C.11.In the chart that follows, the letters a to e stand for the five kings who reigned in Judahduring the time Jeremiah prophesied (p. 12). Write their names in or below the chart.There are only four dates because some of the kings ruled so briefly and were replacedin the same year. Later you will memorize all this.THE LAST KINGS OF JUDAH640 B.C.a.b.c.d.e.609 B.C.597 B.C.586 B.C.640–609609609–597597597–58612.For each of the five events listed below, indicate the corresponding date from these six:722, 627, 612, 605, 597, 586. (See pp. 12–13.)a. beginning of Jeremiah’s ministryb.end of the Assyrian powerc.battle of Carchemishd. fall of Jerusaleme.fall of the Northern Kingdom of Israel13.God used Jeremiah’s personal qualities in His service.a.List five of those qualities.6

LESSON 2b.Jeremiah 1:1–3; 2 Kings 21–25; Daniel 1In a weak man some of those same qualities may be perverted. For example,gentleness may be perverted into lack of firmness. List at least three more ofJeremiah’s qualities and what they could be perverted into.14. State the theme of the book in the author’s words. Notice that it combines the threemain ideas you saw in question 1.OPTIONAL15.Much of God’s written revelation to man (the Bible) has been given in and through realhistorical situations such as the one Jeremiah lived in. What advantages are there inGod’s connecting revelation to history?16.As King of Israel, the LORD gave just laws for the good of that nation. Where can thoselaws be found for study and application?LESSON 2Jeremiah 1:1–3; 2 Kings 21–25; Daniel 1From memory can you fill in a chart to show the last five kings ofJudah (with dates), Jeremiah’s ministry, and the Babylonian invasions?Old Testament prophetic books, such as Jeremiah, grow out of Old Testament history. To fullyappreciate the prophecies and understand them accurately, one must know their historical background. You will continue to study the background of Jeremiah in this lesson.1.Read Jeremiah 1:1–3 and reread textbook pages 12–13, then answer.a.Who were the three main kings of Judah while Jeremiah was a prophet?b.True or false? Jeremiah began his ministry in the thirteenth year of Amon’s reign.c. Jeremiah’s ministry began in B.C. and extended past the fall of Jerusalemin B.C.d.In a round number, how many years did Jeremiah serve as prophet up to the fallof Jerusalem?e.Jeremiah’s home town was about three miles northeast of Jerusalem. What wasits name? (Jeremiah. 1:1)2.Read 2 Kings 21, then answer.a.What reason did God give through the prophets for abandoning His inheritance,Israel? (Find and copy His words.)b. True or false? King Manasseh put idolatrous altars and images even in God’sown house in Jerusalem.3.Read 2 Kings 22–23, then answer.a.True or false? The high priest in Josiah’s reign had the same name as Jeremiah’sfather. (Compare 2 Kings 22:4 to Jeremiah 1:1.)7

LESSON 2b.c.d.e.f.g.h.Jeremiah 1:1–3; 2 Kings 21–25; Daniel 1What book made Josiah tear his clothes and weep?Who sent word to Josiah that the evil on Jerusalem would come after Josiah’stime?Who made a covenant to obey God’s commandments?Where and how did Josiah begin in his reforms?When destroying idolatry, how far did he reach? (to what cities?)In what city of Israel did he fulfill an ancient prophecy?True or false? After Josiah’s death Jehoahaz, his son, reigned eleven years.4.Read 2 Kings 24–25, then answer. Notice that Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, orhis forces, came to (invaded) Jerusalem three times (24:1–2; 24:11; 25:8). Each timehe took captives to Babylon—three “deportations.”a.With 2 Kings 24:1–2 compare Daniel 1:1–6. What outstanding young man wasdeported to Babylon in Jehoiakim’s third year?b. In the second deportation, Jehoiachin was taken to Babylon. Who else weretaken?c.In this same deportation a young priest was taken to Babylon who five years laterbegan to prophesy to the exiles. Read Ezekiel 1:1–3 and tell who he was.d.After the destruction of Jerusalem described in 2 Kings 25, no one else has ruledfrom the throne of David. (Governors after the exile did not rule as kings.) Whothen was the last ruler on that throne?e.In what year and month for Zedekiah did the Babylonians begin their final siegeof Jerusalem?f.True or false? Zedekiah was killed by Nebuchadnezzar at Riblah.5.Read Appendix I (pp. 141–143) of the textbook, then answer.The author suggests that this book was written in at least four stages, beginning withchapters 1–20. List the stages he suggests. (Don’t spend much time on this; parts ofhis suggestions are not clear.)6.Carefully study the chart in Appendix II (pp. 144–145) of the textbook. Notice that ithas five parallel sections, beginning with Jeremiah’s ministry. We will call each ofthese sections a “time line.” Because of printing limitations, distances on these timelines are not proportional to actual time. For example, in the line for “Kings of Judah,”(1) the thirty-one years for Josiah are given less space than the eleven years for Jehoiakim or the eleven years for Zedekiah; (2) the other two kings of Judah have spaceenough on the chart for several years apiece—but only reigned three months each. Yet,you can use the chart to answer the following questions.a.What country was the world power during most of Josiah’s reign?b.What country was the world power after 605?c.Was Jeremiah a prophet before Nebuchadnezzar’s first siege of Jerusalem?d. The Babylonians came against Judah during the reigns of what three differentkings of Judah?e.What event marked the end of Assyrian ascendancy?8

LESSON 3Jeremiah 1:1 to 4:47.Read the rest of Appendix II (pp. 146–147), then answer.a. Who was king of Judah when the first deportation to Babylon took place?b.True or false? Nebuchadnezzar appointed three of the last five kings of Judah.c.True or false? The last three kings of Judah all hated Jeremiah.d.See if you can list from memory the last four kings, telling how long each onereigned and his relationship to Josiah.8.Study Appendix III (pp. 124–125) of the textbook. Notice that the region south of thebroken line was desert, which in that area was impossible to travel across. After studying, answer the following.a.What main route was Jeremiah’s land on? (What countries did it link?)b. What two rivers flowed through the land of Babylon?c.On which river was located Nineveh, the capital of Assyria?9. Now test your memory. Make your own chart entitled “THE LAST KINGS OFJUDAH.” On it in the proper places put the following information. (You will be askedto fill in a similar chart for the unit examination.)(a) the names of the last five kings(b) their four dates(c) Jeremiah’s ministry, with beginning date(d) the three Babylonian invasionsOPTIONAL10.Why do you think God permits evil men to come into power (for example: the wickedkings of Israel and Judah or the wicked rulers of the last fifty years)?LESSON 3Jeremiah 1:1 to 4:4At Jeremiah’s call to be a prophet, (a) what office did he alreadyhave? (b) what were the two visions and their meanings? Whattwo stupid evils had Israel committed, according to Jeremiah2:13? God’s earthly throne: (a) what was it under the old covenant? (b) what will it be when Israel is restored?1.Look at footnotes 3 and 6 (on pp. 22 and 25 of the textbook), which list verses wherenew paragraphs begin. Adding chapter 1, these verses are 1:1, 4, 11, 17; 2:1, 4, 9, 14,20, 26, 29; 3:1, 6, 11, 19, 22b; 4:1. Mark each of these verses in your Bible, possiblywith a color or a circle.2.Read Jeremiah chapter 1, paying attention to the paragraphs you just marked. (In otherwords, be aware of what each paragraph emphasizes.) The “seething pot” with “its9

LESSON 3Jeremiah 1:1 to 4:4face toward the north” (v. 13) was a “boiling pot [caldron] tilting away from thenorth” (NIV). This means that its dangerous contents were spilling out toward Judah.3.Read the commentary (textbook) from page 17 to “Discourses” on page 22. As youread about each paragraph, constantly refer to that paragraph in your Bible.4.Label each of the following statements as true or false.a.The “Discourses” are divided into sermons and experiences.b. Anathoth was a priestly town close to Jerusalem.c.Jeremiah introduces most chapters in the first person style (as in 1:4).d.Jeremiah felt he was capable of being a prophet.e.Most of the book of Jeremiah speaks of doom and death.f.The “awake” (almond) tree was a symbol of Jeremiah himself.g.Babylon was geographically north of Judah.h. Jeremiah’s message would produce many loving converts among his people.5.Under “Discourses” the author lists “Public Sermons” and “Personal Experiences.”How many of each does he list?6. What office did Jeremiah have before God made him a prophet?NOTE: Apparently he was too young to have served in that office.7.How did Jeremiah show that his commissioning was an emotional experience?8.Give three reasons why God had the right to appoint Jeremiah as prophet.NOTE: “Before I formed thee I knew thee” (1:5) does not mean that God knew factsabout Jeremiah. Instead, it means that He chose Jeremiah. “To know” often has thismeaning in the Bible, as in Amos 3:2.9.Jeremiah’s ministry was to many nations and kingdoms (1:10). Through his preachinghe would accomplish great things. List them in two columns: negative and positive.10.The visions in Jeremiah’s callinga.For what reason did God give Jeremiah visions instead of just speaking to him?b.By what vision did God impress Jeremiah that He Himself would bring His wordto pass?c.The judgment from “the caldron” would come from the north. What two proofsdoes the author give that the north here referred to the Babylonians?d. To summarize, what two visions did the LORD give Jeremiah when He calledhim? and what did each vision mean?11.a.b.What assurance did Jeremiah have for his own well-being in view of theopposition he would face?What would be the reaction of men to Jeremiah, according to 1:18–19?12.Read Jeremiah 2:1 to 4:4, paying attention to the paragraphs you marked.13.Read the commentary about Jeremiah’s first two sermons, from “Discourses” on page22 to the top of page 29. At “c” on page 28 change “3:10” to “3:19.”10

LESSON 3Jeremiah 1:1 to 4:414.Label each of the following statements as true or false.a.The theme of Jeremiah’s first sermon was a comparison of Israel’s past andpresent.b. Israel’s marriage to God took place at the Exodus.c.Israel had made herself a people of slaves by her political agreements withAssyria and Egypt.d. In Jeremiah 2 God’s third picture of Israel was a caught thief.e.God promised to always save His people Israel if they would call on Him.f.The key word of Jeremiah’s second sermon was “return.”g.From Israel’s sin and judgment Judah learned to live close to God.h.Even the ten tribes of Israel, already in captivity, were called to return.i.Jeremiah 3:19–25 teaches that a true return requires confession of sin.15.Where did Jeremiah preach his sermons?16.Jeremiah’s first sermon, 2:1–37a.What was its theme? (p. 23)b.List its three main parts as given in the second paragraph on page 23.c.In these three parts of the first sermon, Israel is pictured in what three ways? (Seethe titles on pp. 23–25.)d. The cause of all evil is idolatry—giving something else the honor God deserves.What two stupid evils had Israel committed, according to Jeremiah 2:13? (Learnthe figures of speech Jeremiah used.)e.God is under no obligation to rescue us from the bad results of our sins. Howwould He answer Israel when she would cry to Him in trouble?17.Jeremiah’s second sermon, 3:1 to 4:4a.What was its theme? (From the first full paragraph on p. 26, state it in your ownwords.)b.The LORD called Israel to return. In what two ways should she return and forwhat two purposes? (See subdivision titles on pp. 26–28.)c.In 3:2–10 Jeremiah pointed out that Judah had appeared to return to God. Whatdid he probably refer to?d.Return in heart, the LORD insisted. In the dramatic dialogue of 3:19–25 (but notin reality), how did the people show this heart response?e. (not in textbook) Jeremiah 3:14–18 has Jeremiah’s first description of the futurekingdom of God. In that passage, verses 16–17 contrast God’s two earthlythrones: (1) the past one, under the old covenant (Exodus 25:22), and (2) thefuture one, when Israel is restored in that kingdom. What are those two thrones?Now it is time to prepare for your first examination. You are not permitted to use your textbook,Bible, study guide, or notes as you take it. Prepare for it by learning our answers to the checked( ) questions in lessons 1–3. Also answer the objectives questions at the beginning of each lesson. Then try the sample questions that follow. As on the examination, spaces are provided foryour answers.11

LESSON 3Jeremiah 1:1 to 4:4REVIEW QUESTIONS1.Where did God’s Old Testament kingdom on earth begin? a) Jerusalem b) Egyptc) Shechem d) Mt. Sinai2.When did it end? a) 931 b) 722 c) 586 d) 5363.How did it end? a) Israel wanted a man to rule instead of the LORD. b) The ark wastaken by the Philistines. c) Jerusalem and the temple were destroyed. d) The lastprophet was killed.4.What is the theme of the book?5–13.These numbers represent the same numbers on the chart that follows. Beside eachnumber here you should add the name or date that would belong on the chart at thecorresponding place. For example, beside number 5 write the beginning date for thefirst of the last five kings; beside number 9 write his name. All dates are B.C.5–8.(Dates for the last kings of Judah)5.6.9–11.7.8.(Names of some of the last kings of Judah) of the beginning of Jeremiah’s ministry13.(Notice that there are four arrows for number 13 on the chart. Three of themrepresent invasions; one does not.) Who was king of Judah under the secondBabylonian invasion?U5.UTHE LAST KINGS OF JUDAH6.UUJ9.UERE10.U12.UMUU7.UIAU11.UU13.UAfter reviewing well, take unit 1 examination, writing your answers on it, then send it to yourLIT center.128.UUHU

UNIT TWOLESSON 4Jeremiah 4:5 to 8:17In what two groups did Jeremiah search for a just man? Whatchapters are the “Temple Discourse”? What were two reasonswhy Israel did not know the LORD’s Word? What was the falsemessage of priests and prophets?In Jeremiah 2–10 the author counts nine of the prophet’s public sermons. The author’s titles forthese sermons are given on page 17 and repeated in the italicized headings on pages 22–45. Youhave already looked at two of these sermons (2:1–37; 3:1 to 4:4). In this lesson you will look atfive more.1.In your Bible mark the paragraphs for 4:5 to 10:25 according to footnotes 9, 11, 16, 21,25, 26, and 28. (Mark 4:5, 11, 14, 19, 27; 5:1, 5, 7, 10, 14, 20, 30; 6:1, 9, 16, 22, 27;7:1, 12, 16, 2, 29; 8:1, 4, 8, 13, 18; 9:1, 7, 10, 12, 17, 23, 25; 10:1, 6, 12, 17, 19, 23.)2.Read sermons 3, 4, and 5 in Jeremiah 4:5–31, 5:1–31, and 6:1–30. See if you candetermine what each sermon emphasizes.3.Read the textbook from page 29 to “6” on page 36.4.Label each of the following statements as true or false.a.In the third sermon the nine threatening commands (4:5–6) anticipated God’sjudgment on Israel.b.The Babylonian invasion would be like a hot sirocco wind in its destruction oflife.c.According to the fourth sermon, the main reason Jerusalem fell was that othernations were more powerful.d.Those in Israel who knew the law were better than those who did not.e.In 5:22–25 Jeremiah said that God’s people in their rebellion were just like thesea.f.The fifth sermon (ch. 6) emphasized the city of Jerusalem.g.At the time of the fifth sermon, it was still not certain that the Babylonians wouldcome.h.God’s people were like impure silver that does not respond to refining.NOTE: In the Bible predictive prophecy of future events was not always stated as future. Oftensuch events were described as past, as though they had already taken place. When the Hebrew“perfect tense” (normally past) is used this way, it is called “prophetic perfect.” Use of the prophetic perfect makes a prophesied event seem more graphic. There are three such propheticperfect verbs in Jeremiah 4:7, translated “is come up,” “is on his way,” and “is gone forth.” Weknow these refer to future events because of the verses just before and after (4:6, 9).13

LESSON 4Jeremiah 4:5 to 8:175.The third sermon, 4:5–31. This announces the invasion from the north and reveals theprophet’s feelings.a.How were the invading Babylonians like a lion? like a hot wind?b.What does the author suggest that the “watchers” symbolize?c.What two facts caused Jeremiah’s anguish? (Answer in your own words.)d.(not in textbook) In 4:23–26 the prophet painted a powerful picture of the judgment about to come on Israel. He pictured it as a reversal of creation, using theprophetic perfect and terms from Genesis 1. List at least four such terms fromverse 23.NOTE: It is a mistake to interpret such poetical descriptions literally. Lightwould not literally disappear (v. 23); all mountains would not quake (v. 24); menand birds would not all be gone (v. 25).e.In what two ways did the people try in vain to get God to change His mind?(4:30–31)6.The fourth sermon, 5:1–31. In this sermon the prophet reported on his vain search for ajust man in Jerusalem.a. In what two groups did he search, according to 5:1–6?NOTE: As already stated, prophetic perfects are past tense verbs used for futureevents. Often these are translated as future, as in 5:6 (“shall slay,” “shall spoil”).b.Jeremiah 5:15–19 repeats very old prophecies about a mighty and ancient nationinvading Israel (Deuteronomy. 28:49). In what two phrases does the textbooksummarize what that invader would do? (p. 33)c.At the end of this sermon, how did Jeremiah report his findings? (p. 33)7.The fifth sermon, 6:1–30. Preaching was difficult for Jeremiah. Besides bearing aheavy message of judgment, he saw little response. His people had “uncircumcised”ears, could not hear, and considered the LORD’s words offensive (6:10).a.What compelled Jeremiah to speak even though he knew people would not listen?b.Parts of this sermon (such as, 6:8) suggested that the divine decree of judgmentcould still be reversed. The people could still find rest for their souls (words Jesuslater used in Matt. 11:29) if they would walk in “the old paths.” What werethese?c.A prophet like Jeremiah was like a “tester of metals” (6:27). His ministry provedthat Israel was as hard as bronze and iron (6:28) and as worthless as rejected silver (6:29–30). In your own words explain the process leading to rejected silver.(p. 36)NOTE: Jeremiah 7–10 is called the “Temple Discourse.” The author divides this discourse intofour parts (parts 6 to 9 on p. 17), which we will distinguish as parts A to D. The author alsoassumes that Jeremiah 26 refers to the same occasion; 26:4–6 seems to give this discourse insummary form. The sermon in chapter 26 was preached in Jehoiakim’s reign and put Jeremiahin danger of losing his life.8.Read Jeremiah 7:1 to 8:17, the first two parts of the Temple Discourse.14

LESSON 49.10.Jeremiah 4:5 to 8:17Read the commentary on the first two parts of this discourse, from page 36 to thebottom of page 40.Label each of the following statements as true or false.a. The “Temple Discourse” refers to the messages of Jeremiah 7–10.b. Israel was trusting more in the temple than in God.c.The Queen of Heaven was one of the false gods they trusted in.d.The way of salvation has always varied according to man’s circumstances.e.In Jeremiah 8:7 “My people know not the law” means that they do not live by thelaw.f.No matter what the circ

Jeremiah has the most chapters of any Major Prophet book. i. Beginning in chapter 21 of Jeremiah, specific prophecies warn of the sure fall of Jerusalem. j. The Northern Kingdom of Israel was taken into captivity about one hundred years before Jeremiah’s ministry. k. The Battle of Car