INSIGHTiThe President’s FY2019 Budget Request forthe Department of Energyname redatedAnalyst in Energy PolicyMarch 9, 2018OverviewThe President’s fiscal year (FY) 2019 budget request and the addendum include 30.6 billion for theDepartment of Energy (DOE), approximately 500 million (2%) more than the FY2017 enactedappropriations of 30.1 billion, accounting for rescissions (see P.L. 115-31 and Division D ExplanatoryStatement). This request would increase the total budget for DOE, increase overall funding for theNational Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), and increase funding for the Office of EnvironmentalManagement (EM). The request would maintain funding for the Office of Science, while it would reducefunding for the Offices of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Nuclear Energy (NE), andFossil Energy (including the Fossil Energy Research and Development [R&D] program). It would alsosplit the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) into two accounts—grid reliability(Electricity Delivery, OE) and cybersecurity (Cyber Security, Energy Security, and Emergency response,CESER)—and reduce total combined funding to these offices. It would eliminate funding for theAdvanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E), Weatherization Assistance Program, StateEnergy Program, Energy Policy and Systems Analysis, and programs within the Loan Program Office.Congressional Research INSIGHTPrepared for Members andCommittees of Congress

Congressional Research Service2Figure 1. Department of Energy Budget ComparisonSource: FY2019 request, FY2018 current (under continuing resolution), and FY2017 DOE Enacted, from DOE, FY2019Congressional Budget Request: Budget in Brief (February 2018).Notes: “Other” refers to programs and funding not within the specified categories. “Energy” refers to the Offices ofEERE, NE, OE (and the newly proposed OE and CESER), and Fossil Energy (FE), which includes Fossil Energy R&D.“Science” refers to the Office of Science.Proposed changes to the DOE budget are illustrated in Figure 1, which compares FY2017 enacted levelsand FY2018 current and proposed appropriations to the FY2019 request. The FY2019 request for NNSAis 15.1 billion (a 17% increase over the FY2017 level of 12.9 billion). Among other increases, thebudget request would provide 120 million to restart licensing activities for the proposed Yucca Mountainnuclear waste repository and to initiate an interim nuclear waste storage program. The EM budget requestof 6.6 billion is an increase of 182 million (3%) over FY2017 enacted.The request decreases funding broadly across energy programs—although FE would see nearly 35million more in funding (5%) over FY2017. Other offices would see funding decreases. Within EERE, allprograms would see decreases in funding, and funding for two programs would be eliminated: theWeatherization Assistance Program and the State Energy Program.Other programs would also be eliminated. The request would eliminate funding for ARPA-E. Fundingwould also be eliminated under the request for the Title XVII Loan Program and the AdvancedTechnology Vehicles Manufacturing (ATVM) Loan Program with the expectation that operations wouldwind down in FY2019 and shut down in FY2020.Table 1 shows a summary of changes included in the FY2019 request compared to the FY2017 enactedlevels and FY2018 appropriations.

Congressional Research Service3Table 1. FY2019 Request for Selected DOE Offices and Programs(Dollars in Millions)Requested Change fromFY2017FY2018FY2017EnactedCurrent 12,928 12,923 13,914 13,685 15,091 NewOffice of Science5,3915,3545,3935,5505,39100%Energy mNNSAEnvironmentalManagementNuclear Waste DisposalWeatherizationAssistance ProgramState Energy ProgramARPA-ECredit ProgramsHouseS. Com.FY2019RequestDollarsPercentSource: FY2017 Enacted, FY2018 Current, and FY2019 Request from DOE, FY2019 Congressional Budget Request: Budget inBrief (February 2018); FY2018 House from H.Rept. 115-230; FY2018 Senate Committee from S.Rept. 115-132 (includesrescissions).Notes: Parentheses ( ) indicate negative numbers. Energy Programs refers to the Offices of EERE, NE, and OE (and thenewly proposed OE and CESER), and FE, which includes Fossil Energy R&D. Credit Programs refers collectively to theTitle XVII Innovative Technology Loan Guarantee Program, ATVM Loan Program, and the Tribal Energy Loan GuaranteeProgram.Potential IssuesThe President’s FY2019 request would reduce funding for energy programs within the DOE. EEREfunding would decrease by more than 1.3 billion (65%) from the FY2017 enacted level. Within EERE,all programs would see decreases in funding, with more than 600 million (46%) of the reduction comingfrom energy efficiency programs. The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability as it currentlyis organized would also see reduced funding levels; however, the request would divide OE into twooffices: Electricity Delivery, which would see funding levels decrease by more than 89 million (59%)from FY2017 enacted, and CESER, which would see funding levels increase by more than 16 million(21%) over FY2017.The budget request proposes to eliminate funding for the Title XVII Loan Program and ATVM LoanProgram. According to the request, the existing loan portfolio would continue to be managed, andunobligated balances and offsetting fees collected from borrowers would support the administrativefunctions of the programs. The budget request states its expectation that operations will wind down inFY2020 and any remaining monitoring and closeout functions would be transferred to another office.The FY2019 budget request maintains funding levels for the Office of Science at nearly 5.4 billion;however, the request would change funding levels for individual Science programs “to focus on its coremission of conducting cutting edge, early-stage research.” The request would increase funding by 252million (39%) for Advanced Scientific Computing Research. Biological and Environmental Researchwould see funding decrease by 112 million (18%). Other programs would also see reductions, including

Congressional Research Service4Fusion Energy Sciences ( 40 million decrease or 11%) and High Energy Physics ( 55 million decrease or7%).For additional information on FY2018 appropriations for DOE, see CRS Report R44895, Energy andWater Development: FY2018 Appropriations, by (name redacted) and (name redacted).

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Mar 09, 2018 · Congressional Research Service 2 Figure 1. Department of Energy Budget Comparison Source: FY2019 request, FY2018 current (under continuing resolution), and FY2017 DOE Enacted, from DOE, FY2019 Congressional Budget Request: Budget in Brief (February 2018). Notes: “Other” refers to pr