Electric VehiclesSustainable Cities Network SEE Workgroupand EV Subgroup Meeting8/10/21Kathy KnoopEnergy Innovation Advisor, APS

Topics22EVbackgroundEVs inArizonaWhat areother citiesdoing?Statewide TEplan

Typical Ranges of EVs – BEV and PHEVBattery Electric Vehicle (BEV) 100% electric motor and grid chargedbattery – no gasoline Range 80 to 350 milesPlug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Electric motor and grid charged battery internalcombustion engine Range 10 to 50 miles on battery 300-800 mileson gasoline3.5 kWh 10 milesof range on average33

Three Charging Levels, 4 Charging ConnectorsLevel 1 - home 120 V, 1-Phase AC Less than 2 kW 2-5 miles of range perhour of charging4J1772 basic charging connectorcomes with all EVs – works with all120V (level 1) and 240V (level 2)stations

Three Charging Levels, 4 Charging ConnectorsLevel 2 – home &public 208/240V, 1-Phase AC 2-19.2 kW 10-20 miles of range perhour of chargingJ1772 connector on all EVs.Charges level 1 and level 2, Teslawith adapterCan be hardwired or 240 outletsuch as a dryer plug5

Three Charging Levels, 4 Charging ConnectorsLevel 3 DC Fast Charge– Public208/480V, 3-Phase3 DCFC Connectors based on vehicle typeTeslaChademo 24 to 1000 kW 60-80 miles of range per 20minutes of chargingCCS – or combo connector6

DC fast charging power levelsSource EPRI20217

Where are the public charging stations?StationsMaricopa saGilbertGlendaleSurprisePeoriaAvondaleCave CreekGoodyearQueen CreekLitchfield ParkTollesonBuckeyeSun CityMaricopaApache JunctionLaveenSource: Plug share8Source: Alternative Fuels Database8Source: Plug shareLevel 101000000120000

Where are the public charging stations?9Source: Alternative Fuels Database9Source: Plug share

Where are the EVs Located?EV Registration Maricopa County top 20 Cities January 2021– Top 20 Cities9,0008,0007,000Total EV population inMaricopa County 31,868Total EVs in Arizona ce: EPRI 2021

That doesn’t tell the whole storyEVs PER 1,000 POPULATION January 20219080706050403020100Source: EPRI 202111

What do light duty EVs mean to the Grid?12

Commercial electric and fleet vehicleoptions also expanding13

More big EVsSchool bussesTransit bussesDelivery vehiclesGarbage trucksFerriesMining equipmentConstructionequipment Aviation 1414EPRI 2021

How are cities funding across the US? Federal funding for alt fuels corridorsLow-No Program grantsClean Cities GrantsUtility partnershipsState funded clean transportation programsNational Drive Electric Week/Drive ElectricEarth DayPrivate partnersFuture federal programsCity Mayors with strong EV policiesSylvester Turner, Mayor of HoustonSteve Adler, Mayor of AustinDenny Durkan, Mayor of Seattle1515

Statewide TE Plan - How do we grow EV adoption? EV charging: workplace, fleet and city parks Streamlined permitting for charging station installation Adopt EV ready building codes – Tucson, Seattle,Atlanta, Chicago examples– EV prewire new construction Electrify city fleets and equipment (street sweepers,garbage trucks) Dedicated staff EV specialist EV rebates Parking policies Electric bus fleets16

Working groups recommended TE supportinitiatives from various stakeholdersElectricUtilitiesState and/orLocalGovernmentTE CollaborativemeetingsEngage in TECollaborativesEducation &outreach programsDedicatedelectrification teamsInclusive planningmodelIncentive programs(EVs, chargers)Incentiveprograms (EVs,chargers)EV ratesGroup purchaseprogramsPilot chargingprogramsCharging stations inunderserved communitiesFleet electrification17EV Ready buildingcodesZEV legislationRepresentativesof UnderservedCommunitiesTransitAgenciesand/or FleetOperatorsThird-PartyEV ServiceProviders(EVSPs)Engage in TECollaborativemeetingsEngage in TECollaborativemeetingsEngage in TECollaborativesPromote inclusiveplanning modelPartner w/ utilitiesand others oneducation &outreach,rideshare, training17Pilot electrificationprogramsPurchase diversemodelsCollaborate w/utilities oninterconnectionprocessesDevelop additionalpublic / workplacechargingPrioritize coveragein underservedcommunities

Where are EVs in 10 years?Source: Statewide Transportation Electrification Plan March 20211818

Let's talk EVs1919

Reference Material20

TE plan next steps There is deep interest across the stakeholder community to moveTE forward in the state and to have concrete actions come out ofthis processThis Phase II TE Plan is the first iteration of a statewide plan forArizona and it will be revisited and refined in the future– APS and TEP envision revisiting the TE Plan every three yearsAPS and TEP plan to continue collaborating with stakeholders– Future utility-led TE initiatives will incorporate stakeholder input tocontinuously improve upon TE programming in the state on an annual (TEPand APS jointly) and quarterly basis (TEP and APS separately) To join APS’ quarterly TE collaborative, please email [email protected] join TEP’s quarterly TE collaborative, please email [email protected] Devon or Julie if you are interested in the joint utility annual TE collaborative– First quarterly meetings to take place after ACC EV Workshop


Arizona New EV Market Share March 2020 – February 2021Top 5 Counties in .5%Maricopa CountyArizona avg new EV market share: 2.4% (2.3% nationally)Source: EPRI 2021 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved.

Arizona has 6.3 million registered on-road vehicles,mostly cars and light duty trucks24E3

Arizona has 21K total buses on its roads,many of which are school buses25E3

Phoenix, Tucson, Flagstaff & Yuma operate 1,200 transit busesE326

Available EVs Guide on more about EV chargingEPRI Guide to EV chargingWhat is going on acrossthe country in EV charginginvestmentsInvestment in Public EVCharging in the United States27


EV Charging Facts Vehicle Li-Ion EV battery capacity size:4.4kWh – 100kWh On average an EV will travel3.5 miles per 1 kWh 4.4 kWh battery 15.4 mile range 100 kWh battery 350 mile rangeAC EV chargingacceptance rate:1.5kW - 19.2kW(15 to 80-amp circuit)29DC Fast chargingacceptance rate:20kW – 350kW29DC Fast charging is480V 3-phase powerand can providerecharge of up to80% range in 30minutes

Other states are already supporting TEthrough programs and initiatives Colorado: Colorado EV 2020 Plan Utah: EVSE Plan HD AFV tax credit EVSE rebate Incentives forresidential TOUrates Programs for DCFC andfleetsMD/HD zero-emissionsby 2050 goalJoining ZEVNevada: Utility EVSEincentives Utility EVInfrastructureDemo program Joining ZEVCalifornia: Large utility EVSE pilots EV rebates and tax credits Mandates for ZEVs acrossvehicle types, fleets in placeor on the wayNew Mexico: State EmissionsReduction Strategy EVSE funding Joining ZEVSourceE3

Three Charging Levels, 4 Charging ConnectorsLevel 1 - home 120 V, 1-Phase AC Less than 2 kW 2-5 miles of range perhour of chargingLevel 2 – home &public 208/240V, 1-Phase AC 2-19.2 kW 10-20 miles of range per hourof chargingJ1772 connector on allEVs. Charges level 1 andlevel 2, Tesla with adapter31DC Fast Charge – Public208/480V, 3-Phase 24 to 1000 kW 60-80 miles of range per 20 minutesof chargingTeslaChademoCCS

EV Registration Maricopa County top 20 Cities January 2021 – Top 20 Cities. BEV. PHEV. Total EV population in . That doesn’t tell the whole story. 11. 0. 10. 20. 30. 40. 50. 60. 70. 80. 90. EVs PER 1,000 POPULATION January 2021. Source: EPRI 2021. What do light duty EVs mean to the Gr