National NetworkInformation, Guidance and Training on theAmericans with Disabilities ActCall us toll-free1-800-949-4232 V/TTYFind your regional center atwww.adata.orgEmergency Power Planning for PeopleWho Use Electricity and BatteryDependent Assistive Technology andMedical DevicesThis emergency power planning checklist is for people who use electricity and batterydependent assistive technology and medical devices. Electricity and battery-dependentdevices include: breathing machines (respirators, ventilators), power wheelchairs and scooters, and oxygen, suction or home dialysis equipment.Some of this equipment is essential to your level of independence while otherequipment is vital to keeping you alive! Use the checklist to make power-backup plans.Review and update this checklist every six months (one way to remember to do this iswhen you set your clocks forward in the spring and back in the fall).
Emergency Power PlanningDoes notApplyDateCompleteEmergency Power Planning for People Who Use Electricity andBattery Dependent Assistive Technology and Medical DevicesChecklistItemPlanning BasicsCreate a plan for alternative sources of power.Read equipment instructions and talk to equipment suppliers about your backuppower options.Get advice from your power company regarding type of backup power you plan touse.Regularly check backup or alternative power equipment to ensure it will functionduring an emergency.Teach many people to use your backup systems and operate your equipment.Keep a list of alternate power providers. Ask your nearby police and fire departments and hospital if you could usethem as a backup for your equipment power if your backup systems fail.Label all equipment with your name, address, and phone number. Attach simpleand clear instruction cards to equipment and laminate them for added strength.Keep copies of lists of serial and model numbers of devices, as well as importantuse instructions in a waterproof container in your emergency supply kits.Life-Support Device UsersContact your power and water companies about your needs for life-support devices(home dialysis, suction, breathing machines, etc.) in advance of a disaster. Many utility companies keep a “priority reconnection service” list and map ofthe locations of power-dependent customers for use in an emergency.Contact the customer service department of your utility companies to learn ifthis service is available.*Let your fire department know that you are dependent on life-support devices.All ventilator users should keep a resuscitation bag handy. The bag delivers airthrough a mask when squeezed.If you receive dialysis or other medical treatments, ask your provider for the plansin an emergency and where you should go for treatment if your site is not availableafter an emergency.2
Does notApplyDateCompleteEmergency Power PlanningItemOxygen UsersCheck with your provider to determine if you can use a reduced flow rate in anemergency to extend the life of the system. Record on your equipment the reducedflow numbers so that you can easily refer to them.Be aware of oxygen safety practices: Avoid areas where there are gas leaks or open flames. Post "Oxygen in Use" signs. Always use battery powered flashlights or lanterns rather than gas lights orcandles when oxygen is in use (to reduce fire risk). Keep the shut-off switch for oxygen equipment near you so you can get to itquickly in case of emergency.Generator UsersMake sure use of a generator is appropriate and realistic.A 2,000 to 2,500-watt gas-powered portable generator can power a refrigeratorand several lamps. (A refrigerator needs to run only 15 minutes an hour tostay cool if you keep the door closed. So, you could unplug it to operateother devices.)Operate generators in open areas to ensure good air circulation.Safely store fuel. The challenge when you live in an apartment is knowing how to safely storeenough gasoline. Store a siphon kit.Test generators from time to time to make sure it will work when needed. Some generators can connect to the existing home wiring systems; alwayscontact your utility company regarding critical restrictions and safety issues.* Even if you are on the “priority reconnection service” list, your power could still be out for many daysfollowing a disaster. It is vital that you have power backup options for your equipment.3
Does notApplyDateCompleteEmergency Power PlanningItemRechargeable BatteriesCreate a plan for how to recharge batteries when the electricity is out.Check with your vendor/supplier to find alternative ways to charge batteries.Examples include: Connecting jumper cables to a vehicle battery. Using a converter that plugs into a vehicle's cigarette lighter.If you substitute a vehicle battery for a wheelchair battery, the charge will not last aslong as a charge for a wheelchair’s deep-cycle battery.If you use a motorized wheelchair or scooter, if possible store a lightweight manualwheelchair for emergency use. Stored extra batteries require periodic charging even when they are unused.If your survival strategy depends on storing batteries, closely follow arecharging schedule.Know the working time of any batteries that support your systems.When you have a choice, choose equipment that uses batteries that are easilypurchased from nearby stores.When Power is RestoredCheck to make sure the settings on your medical device have not changed(medical devices often reset to a default mode when power goes out).Other Backup Plans4
Emergency Power PlanningSources for More InformationEmergency Preparedness: Taking Responsibility for Your Safety - Tips for People withActivity Limitations and Disabilitieswww.espfocus.orgPower-Dependent power-outageHome Use Devices: How to Prepare for and Handle Power Outages for Medical Devicesthat Require sumer/UCM252812.pdfDisaster Resources for People with Disabilities and Emergency Managershttp://www.jik.com/disaster.htmlVideos regarding generators: Generator Buying Advice - Consumer Reports’ tests reveal the pros and cons ofportable generators and the advantages of more expensive or-buying-advice/17037617001/5030179001/Portable Generators - When your power goes out, a portable generator can be a bighelp. But these generators can also pose htm?query generators&isTypeAhead falseFor more information, call and speak to an ADA specialist at 1-800-949-4232. All callsare confidential.5
Emergency Power PlanningContent was developed by the Pacific ADA Center, and is based on professional consensus of ADAexperts and the ADA National Network.This information product was developed undergrants from the Department of Education, NIDRRgrant numbers H133A110014 and H133A1100XX.However, the contents do not necessarilyrepresent the policy of the Department ofEducation, and you should not assumeendorsement by the Federal Government.555 12th Street, Suite 1030Oakland, CA 94607Toll Free: 800-949-4232 V/TTY (AZ, CA, HI, NV,Pacific Basin)Local: 510-285-5600 V/TTYFax: 510-285-5614http://www.adata.org/ Copyright 2014 ADA National Network. All Rights Reserved.May be reproduced and distributed freely with attribution to ADA National Network(www.adata.org).6
Read equipment instructions and talk to equipment suppliers about your backup power options. Get advice from your power company regarding type of backup power you plan to use. Regularly check backup or alternative power equipment to ensure it will function during an emergency. Teach many people to use your backup systems and operate your equipment.