Utah Early ChildhoodWorkforce ProjectEarly Childhood Utah Advisory CouncilEarly Care and Education Subcommittee1

Subcommittee ContributorsNatalie Brush - Utah Head Start AssociationKatie Ricord - Utah Association for the Education of Young ChildrenJamie Robinson, Jessica Smith, Teresa Davenport, and Lola Shipp - UtahState Board of EducationKc Hutton & Heather Thomas - Office of Child CareTeri Henke - Weber State UniversitySondra Stegenga - University of UtahJody Zabriskie - Utah Professional Child Care AssociationKat Martinez - Child Care LicensingMallory Cannell – Neighborhood House Children’s Services2

Define the project goalsBaselineProcess(Where are we now?)Gather DataEducator Survey(How do we get to our goal?)Collaboration/Buy-in from allstakeholders/Support fromleadersGoal(Where do we want to be?)National/State StandardMinimum CompetenciesUniform Tracking system3

Barriers Established DefinitionsMinimum Qualifications – Credential orLicenseStandardized Occupational Codes (SOC)to collect dataHesitation to regulate education foryounger childrenCompensation inequalities4

Early Childhood Educator Survey Distributedon February 18, 2020. Final responses received on March 6, 2020. 1,699 participants 353 open-ended responses5



Primary Language8






Care Setting14


16Draft Presentation for ECU 4/23/2020



Living Wage Calculation for Salt Lake County, Utah*The living wage shown is the hourly rate that an individual in a household must earn to support his or herself and their family.The assumption is the sole provider is working full-time (2080 hours per year).1 ADULT2 ADULTS(1 WORKING)2 ADULTS(BOTH WORKING)0 Children1 Child2 Children3 children0 Children1 Child2 Children3 Children0 Children1 Child2 Children3 ChildrenLivingWage 12.05 25.19 31.29 40.51 19.82 24.12 26.77 31.36 9.91 14.00 17.04 21.04PovertyWage 6.00 8.13 10.25 12.38 8.13 10.25 12.38 14.50 4.06 5.13 6.19 7.25Minimum 7.25 7.25 7.25 7.25 7.25 7.25 7.25 7.25 7.25 7.25 7.25 7.25Wage*Data are updated annually, in the first quarter of the new year. State minimum wages are determined based on the posted value of the minimum wage as of January one of the coming year (NationalConference of State Legislatures, 2019). The poverty rate reflects a person's gross annual income. We have converted it to an hourly wage for the sake of comparison. 2020 Dr. Amy K. Glasmeier and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Troubling Pay Gap for Early Childhood Teachers*StateUtahChild CareHead StartWorkersTeachersAnnualMedian hersKindergartenTeachersElementarySchoolTeachers 19,700 20,959 23,030 64,090 43,320 51,890 10.26/hr 10.92/hr 11.00/hr 33.38/hr 22.56/hr 27.00/hrIn Utah in 2015, a preschool teacher’s annual wages were less than the poverty guidelines for a family of four ( 24,250).*Source: troubling-pay-gap-early-childhood-teacher. All data except for HeadStart data are from the U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2015.Head Start data are from Head Start PIR Data (2015) and U.S. Census Bureau ACS 1 Year Estimates.20

Professional Development21






Support in first yearNo orientation orpreserviceMentor teacher/programInternal or externalcoachProfessional development(conference, training, etc.27


Reason to Stay in FieldBetter payMore classroom support challenging behaviorsMore respect for my positionBetter benefitsMore opportunities for professional growthFewer or more flexible hours/weekMore stable hoursI don’t plan to stay longBetter commute time29

Professionalize the Field30

Open-ended Question Analysis31

Low CompensationEarly Childhood degrees and skillsWe need to fight for children's rights! There is anearly childhood degree because there is adifference between Elementary and earlychildhood! Children need time to play.You just can't be a "teacher". You have tobe everything to every student. Class sizeis way too large to accommodate individuallearning and emotional support to students.When you have 27 students and 5 -6 thatare emotionally, behaviorally challengedyou do not get the time to work withstudents that really want to learn and couldreally move forward with a little bit of help,because all you are dealing with aretantrums, violence and disruptions. Not tomention the grading and work load.Value for the professionI love it. I wish people could makea living out of this profession, butunfortunately, as teachers we arenot seen as professionals that areworth paying as a professional. Inmany legislators' eyes, we areglorified babysitters.Needed supports for demanding jobsI would consider stayingin the early childhoodfield if there was moresupport for teachers andbetter payOver-regulatedI love my job, but it takes so much out of meemotionally and physically. At the end of theday I have loads of paperwork. This is doneon my own time and I wish I could becompensated better for it. Just 2 days ago Ispent 8 hours after school writing reports andpreparing for meetings. This is a constantoccurrence. I estimate that I spend anadditional 15-20 hours a week working onpaperwork.32

What Utah is doing to increaseeducational opportunities? Child Development Associate (CDA) CredentialEarly EdU AllianceT.E.A.C.H. scholarshipsCollaborative partnerships that increase trainingopportunities, align curriculum standards and assessments,and provide opportunities for professional recognition.33

Look to other professions for examples Nurses – CNA, LPN, RN, APRN Nationally recognized credentials &endorsements for specialized work. Access to CTE credits during highschool for CAN. Career and Technical education offerspathways to careers and articulation tocolleges and universities.34

Align and Adapt to a National Standard Power to the Profession is acollaborative initiative to establisha shared framework of knowledgeand competencies, qualifications,standards of practice, andcompensation for all earlychildhood educators who workwith children birth through ageeight across a variety of earlylearning settings. A National Task Force released theUnifying Framework for the EarlyChildhood Education Profession.35

Preschool Development Grant (PDG) Recommendations forEarly Care and Education Professionals Statewide career pathway for ECE professionalsStatewide credentialing systemCommon standardsCross-trainingWorkforce registryScholarships and subsidiesHigher education partnerships36

Recommendations for the Commission Engage decision-makers to agree upon definitions, competencies,and career pathways across agencies.Align state resources to support the above initiatives instead ofbuilding inequalities into the early education system.Create a task force or professional development board to aligncertification, licensure, compensation, competencies, andassessments of early educators with national standards.37

Nurses - CNA, LPN, RN, APRN Nationally recognized credentials & endorsements for specialized work. Access to CTE credits during high school for CAN. Career and Technical education offers pathways to careers and articulation to colleges and universities. 34