CHAPTER 8: DRILL & CEREMONY COMMANDS &POSITIONSAir Force Junior ROTC has the mission and responsibility to “Develop Citizens of CharacterDedicated to Serving Their Nation and Community.” We believe that the best citizen is one whocan lead when necessary or work as part of a civilized society as a team member for thecommon good of his or her town, city, state and country. No one in AFJROTC is ever allowedto be a follower except when working as a team member. YOUR job is to become a leader;OUR job is to help you do that.The best way to take your first step as a leader is to learn how to do everything in your unit fromthe ground up. That first step includes learning self-respect, self-discipline and self-reliance.The basis for any successful organization is team work, and the AFJROTC has found that thequickest, easiest way to learn this is through drill and ceremony.We begin by teaching you teamwork in drill. Once you have learned the correct way to doeverything, we place everyone in rotating positions of leadership. If you never learn the wrongway to do something, you are less likely to make leadership mistakes.A.VERBAL COMMANDSIn order to begin any drill, you must be at a position of ATTENTION. This is much easier than itsounds. The first step is the command to bring people to this position. The command is calledin a loud, clear voice, but in a different way. The words used are “TENCH-HUT!” rather thanattention. The reason for this is that outside, with traffic noise, wind and other noises, softconsonants tend to be lost (the letter “n” tends to be unheard along with the vowel “a”). Whatwe do is call the command while standing at attention ourselves and calling it in the mannershown in the image below.Every command is divided into two parts:the PREPARATORY COMMAND; and theCOMMAND OF EXECUTION.The first part prepares you to perform somefunction; the second part tells you to do itnow. For practical purposes, any group ofAFJROTC students is considered aFLIGHT.So in the case of this command, thePREPARATORY COMMAND is “Flight”; theCOMMAND OF EXECUTION is “TenchHut”.

B.C.THE POSITION OF “ATTENTION1.Heels together with feet turned out at a 45degree angle.2.Arms straight down at your sides, fingerscupped, and held against your legs withyour thumbs on the seams of your pantsor slacks.3.Eyes forward and head up, looking straightahead and BE SILENT. Military bearingshould be maintained at all times while information. There is absolutely NOTALKING unless addressed by the drillinstructor.4.Do NOT lock your knees. You should bestanding straight with your shoulders backcomfortably. Locking your knees caneventually result in your becoming uncomfortable and, in extreme heat or cold, maycause you to lose consciousness.THE POSITION OF “PARADE REST”This is the first of three “rest” positions, all designated to keep people information, but allowing them some less formal way of being there.Actually, when being called to ATTENTION, you are supposed to assumethe position of PARADE REST as soon as you hear the PREPARATORYCOMMAND OF “Flight”. This and all other “rest” positions must be calledwhen a student is at a position of ATTENTION. It may NOT be calledwhen students are moving. the left foot ONLY – 12 inches away from the right whilekeeping your legs straight.Move the left hand behind you and place the back of that handagainst your rear, with your arms straight. Your right hand isplaced with its back against the palm of your left hand with theright thumb over the left thumb. The fingers and thumbs of bothhands remain straight.This position is considered a ‘Relaxed Position of Attention’,which means that once you have moved into this position, youreyes and head stay up while looking straight ahead and youstay SILENT. You may blink and breathe only.In this position, just as in the ATTENTION, AT EASE and REST positions, the rightfoot never moves. This is to ensure that the student maintains his/her generalposition in a formation.THE POSITION OF “AT EASE”This is a very relaxed position designed to keep everyone in place in formation and quiet, whileallowing the students a chance to loosen up. (At no time, is talking or moving of the right footallowed). You may, however, turn in your tracks or even kneel down if that is most comfortable.You may NOT sit. Absolutely no talking is allowed.

E.1.The left foot may be moved or kept in place, and any other part of the body may bemoved or flexed for maximum comfort.2.The right foot MUST remain in position, regardless of the direction in which thestudent faces. This ensures that he/she may be brought to a position of ATTENTIONas quickly as possible.THE POSITION OF “REST”The command for this position is REST, though you may hear it as AT REST (the Army way) ifyou are in a noisy environment. The difference between this position and AT EASE is that inthis position, you may talk (quietly) while being aware that you may be called to ATTENTION atany time.F.LEAVE FORMATIONThere are two commands for leaving formation: FALL OUT and DISMISSED. The difference isthat FALL OUT means to leave formation, but stay in the area or go to a specific place.DISMISSED means to leave formation but you may leave the area.G.1.Step back 12 inches with the left foot;2.Bring the right foot back to the left to a position of ATTENTION; and3.Leave the formation with any “facing” movement (explained later).THE COMMAND “FALL IN”This command, like all commands, is verbal shorthand for many things a flight must do to formthe standard four-column formation in preparation for drill or inspection. Our Drill andCeremonies text describes this in great detail, but it involves the following when the commandFall-in is given:H.1.2.Come to ATTENTION;March to the designated area or place;3.Form into the appropriate number of lines (RANKS) – usually four;4.Get spacing front-to-back and side-to-side (DRESS RIGHT or LEFT);5.Drop your arms and stand at a position of ATTENTION.THE COMMAND “OPEN RANKS – MARCH” AND “DRESS RIGHT” POSITIONWhen you initially FALL IN, you always do so facing the Flight Commander. There are timeswhen the commander may need to walk between the rows (RANKS) to perform inspections,speak to individuals, verify their knowledge of drill, etc. To ensure there is proper walk space forthe commander, the command OPEN RANKS – MARCH is given. The ideal standard flight ismade up of four COLUMNS of people when marching, or RANKS of people. If stopped andfacing sideways toward the commander.In order to perform the OPEN RANKS – MARCH, you must think of a flight as having a backrank (or row) of people and up to three more ranks (rows) in front of it. The back BASE rank is#1, the one in the front of that is #2 and so on. On the command OPEN RANKS – MARCH, thefollowing will happen:1.The BASE RANK (back row) people put their left arms straight out from their sides atshoulder level – fingers together – forming a straight line. They then turn their headsand look at the person to their immediate right. They move forward or back, slightly,

to get a perfect line up with that person (if there is no one there, they do not turn theirheads). They also move slightly left or right until their shoulders touch the fingers ofthe person to their right.The space from front to back is called DISTANCE, while side-to-side space is calledINTERVAL. The people now hold this position until told to go back to a position ofATTENTION;2.3.Rank #2, immediately in front of the base rank, takes one step forward, starting withthe left food, and put their left arms up, look to their right, and so on, exactly as thebase rank has done;Rank #3 takes two steps forward and performs the same actions as Rank #2 above;and4. Rank #4 takes three steps forward and performs the same actions as Rank #2 above.Ideally, we end up with four ranks, double-spaced front-to-back, all with their left arms up,looking to their right. This position is called a DRESS RIGHT. It is achieved any time it isneeded when a flight is stopped simply by calling DRESS RIGHT – DRESS. To get the flight toput their arms back down and look straight ahead at ATTENTION again, you call the commandREADY – FRONT. The word DRESS simply means “line yourself up with (left or right).You use a DRESS LEFT – DRESS to align people to the opposite end.

I.THE COMMAND “CLOSE RANKS – MARCH”This command restores the flight to a standard spacing and alignment facing the FlightCommander. The only thing requires is to take the correct number of steps forward. NoDRESS command or movement is given/required.J.1.The front rank (row) stands fast;2.Rank #2 takes 1 step forward;3.4.Rank #3 takes 2 steps forward; andRank #4 (rear) takes 3 steps forward.FACING MOVEMENT COMMANDS – LEFT FACE, RIGHT FACE & ABOUTFACEFacing movements are needed to not only ensure that people are facing in the correct directionfor inspections, marching and so on, but also as part of a function called DRILL. Whenexecuted properly, drill has a unifying effect on any class or flight, and promotes teamwork,discipline and esprit de corps. This is a change for an individual to display his/her ability tofunction as a person without any special athletic skills. The result is a subtle shift in attitude andconfidence, often not realized by the student, which in turn helps the student develop poise,precision, self-confidence, and in most cases, high morale and self-pride. There are three majorfacing movements: LEFT FACE, RIGHT FACE and ABOUT FACE. These commands aredone in a two-beat movement. Additionally, keep your arms at your sides in ALL facingmovements.THE COMMAND “LEFT FACE”1.2.After the word FACE, the cadet will slightly raise the left toe and the right heel andturn left on the left heel. (The right toe actually pushes you around).On the second beat, the cadet brings the right foot, smartly, up next to the left foot,returning himself/herself to ATTENTION.THE COMMAND “RIGHT FACE”1. After the word FACE, the cadet will slightly raisethe right toe and left heel and turn right on the rightheel (The left toe pushes slightly to get youaround).2. On the second beat, the cadet brings the left foot,smartly, up next to the right foot, returninghimself/herself to ATTENTION.THE COMMAND “ABOUT FACE”This is probably the most difficult command to perform,because so many things happen at the same time –and quickly. If you can do this, you can do anything indrill.1.After the word FACE, the cadet will move the rightfoot back and place the right toe 4 to 6 inchesbehind, and slightly to the left of the left foot. Atthe same time, the cadet should shift weightequally to the left heel and right toe.

2.On the second beat, the cadet turns to the right with weight on the right toe and theleft heel, until facing the opposite direction.If done property, the cadet will end facing in the opposite direction with heels together, andfeet at a 45-degree angle at the position of ATTENTION. The key to this move is to keepyour weight evenly distributed on the left heel and right toe as you turn, ensuring that youkeep your balance.K.THE HAND SALUTEThe hand salute is rendered as a two-count movement. right hand is opened, fingers and thumb straight against the hand.The hand is brought smartly up the front of the body, following the line which wouldbe present if you were wearing a button shirt.The upper right arm should be extending out to the side from the right shoulder,parallel to the ground, with the bend in the elbow forming a 45-degree angle.The tip of the middle finger on the right hand touches the right tip of the right eyebrowlightly with the fingers still held straight and the thumb held firmly and straight againstthe side of the hand.The salute is rendered at a halt ONLY at the position of ATTENTION, or on commandwhen marching.The commands to salute are PRESENT ARMS and HAND SALUTE. HAND SALUTEis used only occasionally in training. For PRESENT ARMS, the salute is held until thecommand ORDER ARMS is given.

L.30 COMMANDSDrill has many benefits for a team. First, it helps a team become more cohesive. Secondly, iteventually molds individuals into a precise, well-disciplined unit that is responsive to thecommands of those appointed above them. And thirdly, it promotes team which is the basicbuilding block of any organization that seeks to be a successful in its endeavors. The reality ofdrill is that its benefits permeate through all facets of a discipline oriented organization likeJROTC and it prepared cadets for the next level of performance.Every three to four years the unit undergoes a “Staff Assistance Visit” which inspects the unit’sability to perform basic drill movements, among other areas of concern. Inspectors desire to seecadet leaders leading the cadet corps and evaluate the efficiency of that leadership and the wayin which flight personnel conduct themselves while carrying out certain orders. In the case ofdrill and ceremony, the inspector’s want to know how well YOU, the cadet, perform precisionmovements. Throughout the year, your instructors and flight leaders will be assessing yourability to perform in a group. It is imperative that all members of NC-804 learn and master theregulation drill movements. On the following page is the proper flight leader reportingprocedures and the drill sequence in which the commands must be given:

FLIGHT DRILL SEQUENCESTEP 1: Flt CC marches sharply to within five paces in front of inspector (back to inspector)STEP 2: Flt CC commands “Flight, Attention,” and “Present, Arms,” performs an about face,salutes and reports in, “Sir/Ma’am, Flight is prepared for Regulation Drill and requestpermission to utilize your drill pad”.STEP 3: Inspector solutes/says “Permission granted”STEP 4: Flt CC performs an “About Face” and starts regulation drill commands as follows:1. FALL IN2. OPEN RANKS MARCH3. READY FRONT4. CLOSE RANK MARCH5. PRESENT ARMS6. ORDER ARMS7. PARADE REST8. ATTENTION9. LEFT FACE10. ABOUT FACE11. FORWARD MARCH12. RIGHT FLANK MARCH13. LEFT FLANK MARCH14. COLUMN RIGHT MARCH15. FORWARD TO THE REAR MARCHTO THE REAR MARCHCOLUMN RIGHT MARCHFORWARD MARCHEYES RIGHTREADY FRONTCOLUMN RIGHT MARCHFORWARD MARCHCHANGE STEP MARCHCOLUMN RIGHT MARCHFORWARD MARCHFLIGHT HALTLEFT FACERIGHT STEP MARCHFLIGHT HALTSTEP 1: Flt CC performs an “About Face,” salutes the inspector and says “Sir, Flt hascompleted regulation Drill and request permission to exit your drill pad.”STEP 2: Inspector replies “permission granted.”STEP 3: Drill CC then gives commands to move flight off drill pad.All of the movements above must be done with exacting precision. Additionally, the flight leaderis reserved to a 50’ x 50’ drill area in which to carry out all of the commands. Preciseness andpromptness is the key to successful execution of the drill moves. Upon completion of thecommands, the flight leader and the flight should be positioned exactly where they started, threepaces from the inspector.The key to successful completion of the regulation drill is PRACTICE, PRACTICE and morePRACTICE.

J. FACING MOVEMENT COMMANDS - LEFT FACE, RIGHT FACE & ABOUT FACE Facing movements are needed to not only ensure that people are facing in the correct direction for inspections, marching and so on, but also as part of a function called DRILL. When executed properly, drill has a unifying effect on any class or flight, and promotes teamwork,