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Engineering entalMechanical

What is engineering?In the simplest terms, engineers provide solutions to the world’s problems – from increasing productivitywith new electronic devices, to saving lives with advanced medical technologies, to protecting vitalecosystems by controlling pollution. At its core, engineering is the quantitative art of problem solving.Engineering is quantitative through the application of engineering analysis, or the specific wayengineers evaluate a complex problem. Engineering analysis involves taking any problem, no matterhow complex, breaking it down into its fundamental, measurable, and solvable components, and thenapplying mathematical and scientific principles to understand and predict the behavior of the system.Engineering is art through the process of engineering design, or the creative way engineers generatesolutions. Engineering design is the iterative process of developing a system, component, or processthat meets specific needs. By creatively applying engineering analysis and design within the constraintsof real-world systems, engineers produce custom-made solutions to any problem.While training in engineering analysis and design is unique to engineering programs, the skillsengineering students develop are transferrable to any field. This makes engineers highly sought afterfor careers in a vast array of professions. Our engineering graduates have gone on to top-rankedresearch institutions for graduate studies (in engineering, as well as science, medicine, and otherfields); have received prestigious awards like the Fulbright Scholarship and National ScienceFoundation Graduate Research Fellowship; and have pursued successful careers at a wide variety oforganizations from small start-ups, to government agencies, to large engineering, technology, andfinance firms.Why study engineering at Harvard?The undergraduate engineering programs in the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering andApplied Sciences (SEAS) provide concentrators with an exceptional education. Our goal is to create “Tshaped” engineers who have technical depth in their field coupled with the breadth of a full Harvardliberal arts experience. This is one of the amazing parts of pursuing engineering at Harvard – you cancomplete an ABET-accredited engineering degree while taking advantage of the unparalleled liberalarts and residential life experiences available to all Harvard College undergraduates. It is through thisunique placement of our engineering curriculum within the liberal arts setting that we are able toeffectively train not just future engineers, but future leaders prepared to apply their engineering mindsetto a broad range of fields.SEAS fosters an interdisciplinary approach to engineering and the applied sciences. There are nodepartments; the School is organized around teaching foundational engineering and applied sciencedisciplines that are essential to addressing today’s global problems and that harness the largerUniversity’s strengths. Concentrators work with faculty who are solving big, complex problems on thefrontiers of translational life sciences, computational science and engineering, energy, environmentalscience and engineering, robotics and controls, materials, nanophotonics and nanoelectronics, just toname a few. In addition, students have the opportunity to work in collaboration with the Faculty of Artsand Sciences and the professional schools. Plus, we strongly encourage undergraduates to pursueserious academic research with our faculty – it’s even possible to begin working on a project duringyour freshman year.Cover image excerpted from “Design for a spinning machine” Codice Atlantico. F.1090v/393v-a. in the Codex Atlanticus (original copy in theBiblioteca Ambosiana, Milan, 1503/4-07) by Vinci, Leonardo da (1452-1519). Access via ering Guidebook2

What are the engineering concentrations at SEAS?Students have the opportunity to pursue their interests in four primary engineering disciplines through either aBachelor of Arts (A.B.) or a Bachelor of Science (S.B.) degree. The A.B. programs require 14-16 half courses andthe S.B. programs require 20 half-courses. Students in the A.B. programs have greater flexibility to pursue relatedtopics in the sciences, social sciences, and humanities; while students in the S.B. programs gain greaterexposure to engineering, and in particular to engineering design. The specific names of the degree options foreach discipline are shown in the following table.Engineering DisciplineBachelor of ArtsBachelor of ScienceBioengineering(More info on pages 7-8)A.B. Biomedical EngineeringS.B. Engineering Sciences(Bioengineering Track)A.B. Engineering Sciences(Biomedical Sciences and Engineering Track)Electrical(More info on pages 9-10)A.B. Engineering Sciences(Electrical and Computer Engineering Track)S.B. Electrical EngineeringEnvironmental(More info on pages 11-12)A.B. Engineering Sciences(Environmental Science and EngineeringTrack)S.B. Engineering Sciences(Environmental Science andEngineering Track)Mechanical(More info on pages 13-14)A.B. Engineering Sciences(Mechanical and Materials Science andEngineering Track)S.B. Mechanical EngineeringWhat should you do if you’re interested in engineering?1. Talk to an Assistant Director of Undergraduate Studies (ADUS) or Director of Undergraduate Studies (DUS)We encourage any student with an interest in engineering to talk to one of our ADUSes or DUSes. TheADUSes are connected to certain areas where they advise concentrators, but all of them are prepared totalk with any pre-concentrator about the various engineering options in SEAS. Please send us an email ordrop by during office hours.Assistant Directors of Undergraduate StudiesDr. Sujata BhatiaDr. Christopher LombardoDr. Patrick UlrichBioengineeringElectrical EngineeringMechanical EngineeringEnvironmental Science& [email protected] Hall 206CPierce Hall 287Pierce Hall 117Directors of Undergraduate StudiesProf. David MooneyProf. Evelyn HuProf. Joost VlassakProf. Zhiming KuangBioengineeringElectrical EngineeringMechanical EngineeringEnvironmental Science& [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] Hall 319Engineering GuidebookPierce Hall 112Pierce Hall [email protected] Museum 4553

2. Explore the engineering disciplines through a gateway courseWe offer gateway courses in each of our engineering disciplines. These courses are designed to allowstudents to explore their interests across the different areas, as well as to establish a foundation for upperlevel courses within the concentrations. These gateway courses are commonly taken by pre-concentrators in their freshman year and can counttoward the General Education requirements: Environmental Science & EngineeringEngineering Sciences 6: Introduction to Environmental Science & Engineering (Spring)This course provides an introduction to environmental science and engineering through case studies of someof the most pressing environmental issues: climate, energy, and air quality; food production andenvironmental impact; availability and quality of water; and species biodiversity and ecosystem services.Engineering solutions are discussed in the context of energy production, air and water pollution controltechnologies, design of effective monitoring strategies for ecological populations, and metrics used toevaluate the effectiveness of environmental policies. Lab sessions and a final project provide opportunities toexperience environmental science and engineering in action. Electrical EngineeringEngineering Sciences 50: Introduction to Electrical Engineering (Fall)Students will gain basic experience in many different areas of electrical engineering including: circuits designand analysis, signal and image processing, controls, electronic and photonic devices, and integrated circuits.ES50 has a weekly hands-on laboratory component and culminates in an end-of-semester electronicsproject. Past examples of final projects have included a rubik's cube solver and a sound activated disco floor. These gateway courses are commonly taken by pre-concentrators in their sophomore year or sometimesin their freshman year: Mechanical EngineeringEngineering Sciences 51: Computer Aided Machine Design (Fall, Spring)This is an introductory course in the design and construction of mechanical and electromechanical devices.The course focuses on engineering graphics and manufacturing, emphasizing the ability to analyze andmodel physical systems using professional CAD software. For the final project, students work in teams todesign a robot to compete in a class competition, and realize their design by building the robot from scratchwith numerically controlled machine tools for rapid prototyping, in addition to 3D printing and laser cutting. Electrical EngineeringEngineering Sciences 52: The Joy of Electronics (Fall, Spring)This course is an Introduction to designing circuits to solve real problems. Two lecture and two lab sessions aweek blend instruction with hands-on lab work to emphasize understanding, building and testing circuits. Thecourse incorporates useful design experiences from day one and ends with an open ended project thatchallenges students to build on core concepts. Covered topics include amplification, feedback, impedance,stability, filtering, switching, digital logic, microcontrollers, and more. BioengineeringEngineering Sciences 53: Quantitative Physiology as a Basis for Bioengineering (Fall)This course takes students through each organ system of the body and its unique physiology, so thatstudents can quantitatively describe each organ system and comprehend medicine and disease processes.The hands-on component of the course includes performing EKGs to understand cardiac electrophysiology,as well as electromyography to better understand nerve conduction. There are also lab activities focused onvision and the auditory system, as well as a lab on the pulmonary system.NOTE: Students interested in the Mechanical Engineering S.B. degree should carefully consider their selection of agateway course. ES 6, ES 50, and ES 53 will count as the only engineering elective for the Mechanical EngineeringS.B. degree (whereas ES 51 and ES 52 are required for the degree). Contact Chris Lombardo, ADUS forMechanical Engineering, with any questions ([email protected]).3. Fulfill common math & science core requirementsWe generally recommend that students plan to complete their math, chemistry, and physics requirements bythe end of their sophomore year. The following courses can be used to fulfill the math and sciencerequirements of all of the engineering concentrations: Math 1a, 1b Applied Math 21a, 21b (students can also take the Math 21 or 23 series or above) LS 1a and PS 11 Applied Physics 50a, 50b (students can also take the PS 12 or Physics 15/16 series)Engineering Guidebook4

Frequently Asked Questions What’s the difference between an A.B. and an S.B.?The Bachelor of Arts (A.B.) degree is similar to that available through other Harvard College concentrations. For theengineering concentrations, the A.B. degree requires 14 to 16 half-courses (dependent on a student’s math placement).This degree provides outstanding preparation for graduate study in engineering and careers in other professions (finance,business, law, medicine, etc.). Due to its moderate total course requirements, the A.B. offers greater flexibility than theS.B. degree, allowing students to pursue their interests outside of engineering, or giving them the freedom to selectivelydeepen their engineering education by taking additional technical courses of their choice. Students who have pursued theA.B. degree have gone on to top graduate programs in engineering, computer science, medicine, and related fields.The Bachelor of Science (S.B.) degree programs require a minimum of 20 half-courses and give students the level oftechnical depth comparable to accredited engineering programs at other major universities. The additional courserequirements in the S.B. program provide students with greater depth in their chosen area and required courses inengineering design. In their junior year, S.B. concentrators take a team-based design course (typically ES 96), whichprovides the opportunity to be part of a multidisciplinary team that will analyze and design a prototype solution for a realworld engineering problem. Past ES 96 projects have included designing a shoe insert to detect the early formation ofdiabetic ulcers and a novel research instrument to measure atmospheric ozone concentrations while suspended in thepayload of a high-altitude balloon. In their senior year, all S.B. concentrators take a year-long capstone design course (ES100hf) in which they design and prototype a solution to an engineering problem of their own choice. This project is theirsenior design thesis. In addition to providing exceptional preparation for graduate school and careers in other professions,an S.B. degree also provides outstanding preparation for a career in professional engineering practice. Can you tell me more about ABET?The S.B. program in Engineering Sciences is accredited by ABET, the national accreditation agency for engineeringprograms in the United States. Completing an undergraduate degree from an ABET-accredited program is necessary tosit for the Fundamentals of Engineering (F.E.) examination, which is typically the first step in the process leading tolicensure as a Professional Engineer (P.E.). The Mechanical Engineering and Electrical Engineering concentrationstransitioned from tracks within Engineering Sciences to their own stand-alone concentrations in Fall 2012. Theseprograms will seek ABET accreditation during the 2015-2016 review cycle. Why should I study a particular area of engineering?All engineering students at SEAS select a particular area of engineering through their choice of concentration or a specifictrack within a concentration. Each area offers both common and distinct opportunities for learning and exploration. Whilethere are many commonalities across engineering fields (e.g., the engineering design process and mathematicalanalysis), each discipline has its own set of core knowledge, skills, and technologies that are specific to solving themotivating problems and advancing innovation within the field. By following the requirements for a specific area, studentsare assured of receiving depth within their chosen discipline and breadth across engineering as a whole. Does Harvard offer a degree in other engineering areas?Harvard currently offers A.B. and S.B. options in each of the four core areas mentioned above (bioengineering, electrical,environmental, and mechanical) as well as an A.B. Track in Engineering Physics. Students with engineering interestsoutside of these core areas can explore the topic through coursework (including cross-registering for courses at MIT),term-time and summer research experiences, and a senior research thesis. Additionally, students whose interests spanthe disciplines offered in SEAS may apply to the Cross-Disciplinary Track of the Engineering Sciences S.B. concentration,which provides the flexibility to develop a specific program of study that bridges the core engineering areas. What will my diploma say?Your diploma (and official transcript) will list the name of your concentration and will not include information about anydesignated tracks within that concentration. For example, a student graduating from the Biomedical Sciences andEngineering Track of the Engineering Sciences A.B. concentration will have a diploma that reads Bachelor of Arts inEngineering Sciences; while a student graduating from the Biomedical Engineering A.B. program will have a diploma thatreads Bachelor of Arts in Biomedical Engineering. How many students are there in engineering?The table below shows the total number of concentrators across all engineering areas over the last five years:Academic Total Concentrators:170211236255258 Is a thesis required?For an A.B. degree, a research thesis is strongly encouraged but not required; however, a thesis is necessary to beconsidered for High or Highest Honors. Additionally, a thesis will be particularly useful for students interested in pursuinggraduate engineering research. In the S.B. degree programs, every student completes a design thesis as part of therequired senior capstone design course (ES 100hf). Can I do an engineering secondary?There are currently no Secondary Fields offered in any of the engineering disciplines. However, many engineeringconcentrators pursue a secondary in other fields.Engineering Guidebook5

How are Engineering and Computer Science related?Computer Science is the theory and practice of computing on information of all kinds — that is, computer science includesthe design, construction, and analysis of computer systems, drawing on the methods of both applied mathematics andengineering. Computer scientists perform research on software, graphics, artificial intelligence, networks, parallel anddistributed systems, algorithms, and theory. Engineering is fundamentally the design of new systems to meet societalneeds. The tools of computer science are certainly necessary for engineering work, particularly for engineering work thatinvolves modeling, information processing, robotics, and data analysis. How are Engineering and Applied Math related?Applied mathematics focuses on the creation and study of mathematical and computational tools broadly applicable inscience and engineering, and on their use in solving challenging problems in these and related fields. Engineers use thetools of applied mathematics for the design of new systems to meet societal needs. What is the Sophomore Forum?The Sophomore Forum is a required non-credit workshop series taken in spring of the sophomore year. The forumprovides new engineering concentrators with exposure to important topics related to engineering practice and anopportunity to build community among their peers. How demanding is the workload for a typical course?Concentrators can expect to invest the same amount of time in their courses as students pursuing concentrations in thenatural or physical sciences (e.g., biology, physics, chemistry, etc.). What math should I start in?In general, we recommend that students begin taking mathematics in their first semester, and plan to have completed atleast the introductory mathematics sequence through Applied Math 21b (or equivalent) by the end of their sophomoreyear. Freshmen are encouraged to talk with advisers in the Mathematics Department to discuss their placement scoresand the most appropriate course with which to begin. Students graduating from the engineering concentrations have hadsuccess starting in Math Ma through Math 21a or higher. Students who start in Math Ma should speak with an ADUS assoon as possible to discuss course planning and ensure degree requirements can be met in a timely way. When should I take physics?Physics provides a scientific basis for many of your upper-level engineering courses. We strongly encourage completionof the physics requirements in your freshman or sophomore years. When should I take chemistry?We recommend that you take chemistry in your freshman or sophomore years. Chemistry will be a prerequisite for someupper-level environmental engineering and bioengineering courses. In addition, students wishing to attend medical schoolwill need chemistry background for the MCAT. When should I take CS 50?CS 50 can be taken at any time during your engineering education from freshman through senior year. A programmingbackground is helpful but not required for most upper-level engineering courses. The exception is concentrators inElectrical Engineering, who will benefit from taking CS 50 in their freshman or sophomore year. Can you tell me more about research opportunities?We strongly encourage students to consider pursuing a research project, and you can leverage research opportunities inany of the faculty research labs at SEAS. Students can seek funding for research through the Program for Research inScience and Engineering (PRISE), Harvard College Research Program (HCRP), and Herchel Smith Fellowship. Studentsmay also seek opportunities for research at Harvard Medical School, affiliated Harvard institutes, and at MIT. Can you tell me more about internship opportunities?Internships can be an important part of your career development. They allow you to learn what it is like to work in the fieldof your choice, and you will gain technical expertise that cannot be replicated in the classroom. Internships build yourresume and give potential future employers concrete evidence of work experiences. Engineering summer internships, aswell as internship-like opportunities at universities and government agencies, commonly become available in the start of anew year, so it is helpful to use holiday periods and the January term for networking. However, some large companiesrecruit for summer internships in the fall, while others – particularly start-ups – won’t know about internships until very latein the year. That means that it is important to start your search early, but that you shouldn’t give up if it is getting late. What are the first steps in my internship search?It’s never too early to start planning so that you’ll have plenty of time to network and explore potential opportunities. Werecommend that you utilize resources from the Office of Career Services to draft a resume and create a LinkedIn account.Then, please contact the Director of Career Development at SEAS (Dr. Keith Karasek, [email protected]) torequest a one-on-one meeting to discuss your individual interests and internship search strategy. Are there engineering-related extracurricular activities or student clubs?Yes, some examples of our clubs are Engineers Without Borders, Women in Computer Science, RoboCup, and theBiomedical Engineering Society. SEAS also provides Nectar funding to support independent co-curricular studentprojects. More information can be found on the SEAS website.Engineering Guidebook6

/engineering/bioengineeringFor more information:Contact Dr. Sujata Bhatia, Assistant Director of Undergraduate Studies ([email protected])Contact Prof. David Mooney, Director of Undergraduate Studies ([email protected])Bioengineering (BE) lies at the intersection of the physical and life sciences, incorporating principles from physicsand chemistry to understand the operation of living systems. As in other engineering fields, the approach is highlyquantitative: mathematical analysis and modeling are used to capture the function of systems from subcellular toorganism scales. An education in biomedical engineering, and engineering more broadly, enables students totranslate abstract hypotheses and scientific knowledge into working systems (e.g., prosthetic devices, imagingsystems, and biopharmaceuticals). What do BE students study?Our curriculum emphasizes a solid background in the chemical and biological aspects of the biomedicalengineering field, with ample opportunity to learn about state-of-the-art technologies. In particular,students will learn methods for mathematically modeling, analyzing, and predicting behavior ofphysiological systems. Students will also learn the mechanistic basis for common physiologicalphenomena. Students will learn thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, and materials science, and will beencouraged to apply these core concepts to biological systems. Students will have the opportunity to takeelectives in cell engineering, tissue engineering, neural control of movement, drug delivery, biomaterials,and medical device design. Through this coursework, students also gain experience in the engineeringdesign process, the engineering activity that requires creative synthesis as well as analysis. Examples of common upper-level BE courses:Students take courses in systems modeling (ES 53 and BE 110) to better understand and mathematicallymodel non-linear, complex biological systems; thermodynamics (ES 181 or MCB 199) to appreciate thebasic driving forces underlying biological and chemical systems; the fundamental processes of heat andmass transport (ES 123) that often control the rates of system changes; molecular to tissue levelengineering of biological systems (BE 121, BE 125, BE 191, ES 221); and clinical needs assessment anddevice design (ES 227). What is the difference between the A.B. and S.B. options in BE?The aims of the two concentrations are similar, but the A.B. in Biomedical Engineering prepares peoplebetter for doing research in a wet lab or attending medical school, and gives students a betterunderstanding of the life sciences. The A.B. in Biomedical Engineering requires 14 courses, while theS.B. in Engineering Sciences requires 20 courses. The S.B. in Engineering Sciences on theBioengineering Track is a more traditional engineering degree with the opportunity to supplement withfurther biology related courses. An A.B. degree, particularly in BME, is a good choice for students whosegoal is to attend medical school and become a practicing physician. Both A.B. and S.B. students haveattended some of the top medical schools, graduate schools, and M.D.-Ph.D. programs in the nation. Common employment sectors for graduates with BE degrees include: Education and research: Teaching at the high school through university level, cutting-edgebioengineering research at universities and government agencies Medicine: Practicing physicians in all clinical specialties, and research physicians performing clinicaltrials and translational research Industry: Work at engineering, consulting, medical device, pharmaceutical, and biotech firms What have Harvard’s BE alumni gone on to do? Mureji Fatunde (‘12) - Mureji is a graduate of the A.B. program in Biomedical Engineering. Shepursued public policy research during her undergraduate years. She won a Whitaker InternationalFellowship to obtain her master’s degree from the London School of Economics. She has worked withthe World Health Organization and plans to continue working in global health and public policy.Engineering Guidebook7

Tyler Clites (‘14) - Tyler is a graduate of the S.B. program in Engineering Sciences on theBioengineering Track. He pursued both academic and industrial research internships during hisundergraduate years, and he will be attending the Ph.D. program in Bioengineering at MIT. Tyler hasbeen awarded a full fellowship for graduate studies through the National Science Foundation. Justine Hasson (‘14) - Justine is a graduate of the S.B. program in Engineering Sciences on theBioengineering Track. She pursued research internships both at Harvard and in Germany during herundergraduate years. She will be working as a management consultant at Boston Consulting Group,and she has been accepted to the 2 2 program at Harvard Business School (a deferred admissionprocess comprised of two years of professional work experience followed by two years in the HBSMBA Program). Nick Perkons (‘14) - Nick is a graduate of the S.B. program in Engineering Sciences onBioengineering Track. He pursued both academic and industrial research internships duringundergraduate years, and he will be attending the M.D./Ph.D. program in Bioengineering atUniversity of Pennsylvania. Nick has been awarded a full fellowship for graduate studies throughMedical Scientist Training Program.Sample 2-Year Schedule for Bioengineering if starting in Math 1astFall 1 YearMATH 1a - Intro to CalculusLS 1a - Intro Life SciencesndFall 2 YearAM 21a - Math Methods In SciencesES 53 - Quantitative Physiology thehisthethestSpring 1 YearMATH 1b - Calculus, Series, & Diff Eq*LS 1b - Intro Life Sciences (Genetics)ndSpring 2 YearAM 21b - Math Methods In SciencesPS 12a - Physics: MechanicsSophomore Forum (non-credit)Sample 2 Year Schedule for Bioengineering if starting in Applied Math 21astFall 1 YearAM 21a - Math Methods In SciencesLS 1a - Intro Life SciencesndFall 2 YearES 53 - Quantitative PhysiologyCHEM 17 - Organic ChemistrystSpring 1 YearAM 21b - Math Methods In Sciences*LS 1b - Intro Life Sciences (Genetics)ndSpring 2 Year*CHEM 27 - Organic Chemistryor Applied Math ElectivePS 12a - Physics: MechanicsSophomore Forum (non-credit)* While not strictly required for the S.B. program, many S.B. students who are interested in a career inmedicine choose to take these courses.Engineering Guidebook8

Electrical gineering/electrical-engineeringFor more information:Contact Dr. Christopher Lombardo, Assistant Director of Undergraduate Studies ([email protected])Contact Prof. Evelyn Hu, Director of Undergraduate Studies ([email protected])Electrical engineering (EE) has long played a critical role in undergirding innovations that improve the quality oflife, support economic growth, and address societal problems. Its emergence as a separate field of study in thelate 19th century paralleled, and was responsive to, the large-scale introduction of telegraphy and electricallighting. Electrical engineering has continued to play a pivotal role in power and energy distribution,communications, and computation, even as the power-carrying channels have evolved from heavy metal cablesto nanowires or optical fibers; the networks of communications have evolved from wires to wireless to neurons;and the basic electrical switches have evolved from vacuum tubes to transistors to carbon nanotubes. Theessential technologies that connect society—mobile phones, laptops, wireless communications, downloadedvideos, light-emitting diodes, electron

The undergraduate engineering programs in the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) provide concentrators with an exceptional education. Our goal is to create "T- shaped" engineers who have technical depth in their field coupled with the breadth of a full Harvard liberal arts experience.